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Planter Selection

Rooftop planters shade a building in Miami, preventing it from adding to the urban heat island while reducing energy consumption at the same time. The penthouse with the roof deck jungle documented a electric bill drop of 18% in the summer.

Planter Selection, like planter design, takes into considerations the requirements of the plants that it will hold, the quality and environmental impact of the materials and construction details relative to your-price value expectations, and visual aesthetics.

In September, 2020, the planter selection comparisons found in this blog have been substantially updated with long-term tests, new products, and new materials. The goal of this blog post continues to be allowing readers to make an informed choice when selecting planters by providing a detailed comparison of these factors from my experience as a planter designer and manufacturer, environmentalist, and my own customer as a building developer, and general contractor.

If your looking for cheap pots for short term use that will quickly be thrown away don’t bother reading this blog as our goal at DeepStream Designs is to produce the lowest cost product over time for both our customers and the environment. DeepStream products incorporate deceptively simple, aesthetically-pleasing designs which minimize environmental impact through timeless design, material selection, rugged construction, and replaceable parts using principles of Sustainable Design to maximize durability.

To achieve those goals a planter must, of course, avoid structural damage to commercial and residential buildings created by poured-in-place concrete planters. Equally important for homeowners, restaurants, and hotel when selecting a planter if to find properly designed planters that avoid the very real costs incurred when landscaping dies, or planters that fail in just a few years, wasting money, time, and effort, and disrupting operations. Or perhaps even more important dead plants and dilapidated pots or planters, being so highly visible to potential customers, look shabby and detract from your business or brand.

I write this blog through the lense of being my own customer as we started building planters for our projects and have a long-term interest in creating planters with the lowest cost of ownership for our own projects, our customers, and the environment. Lifetime Structural Warranty

On top of those considerations was a desire to create a planter system that was more than a “just a planter,” one that avoided wasting valuable tropical hardwood with carpenter-built techniques that fall apart in just a few years, so that our planters could better meet the needs of our need and provide flexible solution to our customers challenges.

To achieve those goals, my search led me to design unique planters of using several materials and techniques to overcome issues I found with existing planters:

The Mariner Commercial Planter is a 3-part engineered system incorporating proprietary anodized aluminum structural extrusions with an internal aluminum frame that supports an outer planter box of wood or maintenance-free, eco-friendly recycled plastic lumber, and a rugged 100% recycled plastic waterproof liner with advanced drainage.

DeepStream’s Mariner planter also integrates accessories that are engineered into the planter by design, not as an afterthought. These options include:

Mariner Planters have a hidden structural aluminum frame so they can anchor glass and wood screen walls without the need for costly, complicated penetrations of the existing roof membrane. Here they also hold gates to create a convenient roof deck dog park atop a historic warehouse converted to a residential community.

HDPE Food-Safe Planters, new for 2020, are a lower cost planter than fiberglass, and since they do not require molds, they can be built to any size you need. HDPE, like recycled plastic lumber, is the same material as milk bottles and cutting boards, so it is easily recyclable at the end of its long lifecycle. It’s also more flexible than fiberglass so it won’t crack. Since the material is a solid color throughout, it doesn’t show chips and dings in the same way as fiberglass. It is also resistant to graffiti, as it repels paint and can be cleaned with many paint strippers or sanded. Hidden aluminum caster bases can be built in.

Perfect for restaurants, commercial buildings, and homes, HDPE Plastic Planters are food safe and less expensive than fiberglass. They are more flexible and won’t crack like fiberglass. The material has a solid color throughout that is impervious to UV rays, so they don’t show scratches the same way as fiberglass or have a finish that will chip. They resist graffiti paint and you may use paint strippers on them or even sand the finish. Since they don’t require forms to manufacture like fiberglass, they may be cost-effectively crafted to the exact custom size you need. The HDPE planters by DeepStream Designs have the option of a hidden caster base, as shown on the 2 planters at right above.

Commercial Marine Aluminum Planters are also new for 2020. DeepStream’s unpainted 5086 aluminum planters are the same marine grade as that used to build ocean going ships and yachts.  This alloy is chosen for its ability to withstand years of commercial use in the ocean’s corrosive salt water.  Paint or powder coatings will fail in 3 to 5 years and flake off, requiring sanding or media blasting before being refinished. While more expensive to produce with a flawless exterior finish than painting, the natural sanded finish of the unpainted planters will develop a soft gray to dark oxide patina that actually protects the aluminum below.  Bare aluminum can be refinished by sanding, but it’s actually better to let the oxide patina naturally as it provides a protective finish.

Slightly more expensive than painted aluminum planters initially, the flat natural oxide finish that develops on unpainted marine aluminum protects it so there is no expensive, messy paint or powder coating to replace when it fails in 3-5 years. Unlike fiberglass or HDPE planters, they will resist the tremendous pressure exerted by plants with aggressive root systems like bamboo or the Clusia, shown here, which will grow 8-10 feet tall and split lesser pots and planters.

We did not set out to become a manufacturer, we just wanted to fulfill our needs for our new condo project. Then one visitor wanted some of our planters, one thing lead to another, and ultimately we became a custom manufacturer. To keep things simple, and our connection with our customers, we only sell factory-direct with volume discounts that represent our reduced setup costs. There is never a design fee, as we love to solve challenges for our customers, whether it’s a single one of our many custom fixtures for a balcony, or hundreds for hotels, apartment buildings, and theme parks.

15 years later, we find that there are even more urban gardeners, hotels, restaurants, commercial buildings, and condo boards that are truly interested in making high-density urban environments not only more beautiful, but also more eco-friendly with low-lifecycle-cost, sustainable green roof, patio, and balcony projects.

After reading this blog you will be able to select the right planter for your project aware of how various planter designs, materials, and functions make it simple to chose the best solutions. If you’re a landscape professional, architect, general contractor, condo manager or purchasing agent, this will help you avoid expensive and embarrassing career mistakes. Here is a link to some of the blue chip companies who we have helped overcome their challenges.

A shorter less detailed article on Choosing a Garden Planter can be found by clicking here.

Rooftop planters shade a building in Miami preventing it from adding to the urban heat island reducing peak electricity use by 18%

Residential and office condo towers are increasingly prevalent in dense urban and coastal areas, and contribute to the formation of “heat Islands” and global warming by adding heat-retaining surface area, unless they can be landscaped.  

According to the American Institute of Architects (AIA), buildings are the leading source of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States. According to estimates in the AIA’s Architects and Climate Change report, buildings represent 48 percent of carbon dioxide emissions, with transportation and industry representing 27 percent and 25 percent respectively.

The Green Roof movement is great, landscaping our penthouse roof lowered our electricity bill by 20%. However the ratio of wall-to-roof area is much greater on high-rise buildings. If Architects designed balconies with drainage and water spigots built into their clients’ high-rise buildings, it would make it easier for residents and offices to help offset their impact to a far greater degree, both in terms of cooling and exchanging oxygen for carbon, and absorbing other pollutants.

As I was developing a condo building in Miami, where my wife and I now live, I wanted to create a livable rooftop with lush landscaping. Frustratingly, we were unable to convince the city building department, in 2004, that green roofs were insulation in and of themselves, so we were unable to have a grass roof as you can now.  I realized, however, that the roof surface area of a condo tower was a much lower percentage of the building surface area than the walls themselves.  Therefore I began a search for large lightweight planters that had a high ratio of surface area to weight to use both on the roof and balconies.

Avoiding expensive remediation associated with leaking built-in concrete planters located on upper levels which expensive structural damage to the building was one of my primary concerns.

As buildings settle, and all buildings do over time, cracks appear and then water runs along the lines of steel rebar used in poured concrete construction rusting them and causing the rebar to expand up to 20X their original size, creating an effect called “spalling”,  cracking the concrete. Correcting spalling is a very expensive and disruptive process.  Stand alone planters avoid this.

Structural failure of a poured in place concrete planter even with out tree root pressure. Now imagine this happening horizontally in a concrete slab where the damage in not visible or exposed for remediation without demolition!
Major structural failure of a poured in place concrete planter

In addition to leaking, spalling and being immovable, there are limitations on where built-in planters can be located. They are impractical on cantilevered balconies, and they impart heaviness to the building design that I wanted to avoid.

2 Hairline vertical crack developing in concrete poured in place planter.

If you do have built in concrete planters leaking through a slab and along beams that can be reached from below there is a warraneed solution that can remedy this that does not require digging up the mature landscaping in the planter. Feel free to contact Sheila at DeepStream for a referral. (305) 857-0466.

While lots of great looking pots exist, large surface area planters were scarce. Also, as I was soon to learn, pots had serious drawbacks for use up on windy buildings, especially on sunny south and west facing exposures due to solar gain of single skin pots and planters stressing roots.  As I proceeded through the sourcing process, I eventually assembled a list of attributes that I felt was important in these planters:

  • Large surface area
  • Aesthetically pleasing
  • Variety of dimensions and materials
  • Durable, with a low lifecycle cost
  • Low impact on the environment
  • Lightweight
  • Thermal protection for roots
  • Drainage control
  • Stability in high winds
  • Easy to water

Ultimately, I could not find what I was looking for, so I started my own design and manufacturing company to create customizable planters and created 9 proprietary marine anodized aluminum extrusions, no paint or powder coating to fail, including the Mariner leg used as our trademark, to address all these issues.

These extrusion save valuable tropical hardwood and make it possible to offer a Lifetime Structural Warranty when fiberglass planters only offer 1-3 years, and carpenter built wood planters only last 3 to 5 years here in Miami.

Go directly to DeepStreamDesign.com/phone if your on your phone, or go to DeepStreamDesign.com/planters for the high definition complete desktop site to skip the detailed issues presented here and go straight to the solution for all your planter needs.

Mariner planter aluminum leg detail

Keep in mind that, as in any profession, many practitioners have found what they consider to be tried and true practices and may not have kept up with changes in the industry, so you need to be informed. A true professional will welcome your respectful input because the ultimate goal should be your satisfaction. Don’t be intimidated; share your ideas and feedback with them.

Ultimately many architects, developers and general contractors don’t understand the long term cost of planters as they design, develop, spec, build, and walk away leaving condo board or owners with the true long term costs of thier decisions that will show up after the warranty period for their part of the project has expired.

Every month we turn down offers from contractors to quote projects architects or engineers have designed that we know they will quickly fail and tarnish our good name. If we can’t talk directly to the person responsible for the planter selection about the issues we see with their design or material we have no other choice.

We built our company on solving challenges not building disposable products that cost more in time, labor, mess, and frustration doing it over again. Build it right, build it once. If you don’t have the budget for what you need to achieve then our considered advise it to cut back on the scope of the project, or don’t build it at all.

If your a home owner you may be unfamiliar with many of the resources I list, as they are sources used by Landscape Architects; however, the quality of products found using these resources are of a professional grade, and thus the impact on the environment, and the lifetime cost of these products is far lower than many “consumer” products that literally define planned obsolescence and a harmful throw-away society.

Challenges and Solutions:

Foremost among the problems I faced in sourcing large planters with substantial surface area was finding any large planters at all, let alone contemporary planters in a variety of styles and sizes that provided protection from soil overheating on south-and west-facing exposures, water drainage control,stability in high winds, ease of watering, and portability.

Large surface area:

Large planters, especially attractive ones, were surprisingly hard to find.While there are lots and lots of pots of various sizes, they really do not provide the large surface area to plant trees, hedges or vines necessary for the shade and privacy screening that I wanted for larger areas and rectilinear balconies.

Aesthetic:

Each type of material used in construction has its advantages and disadvantages, which vary greatly with construction and design.

Planters that I found with large surface areas looked more institutional or commercial in design and were more appropriate for a parking lot. They simply did not possess the appropriate design attributes of architectural planters for a residential project. Restaurants building sidewalk cafes and even expanding into their parking lots use our high quality, easy to maintain, products to reflect on the quality of their food and atmosphere they are serving up inside.

Variety of dimensions and materials: 

Again, none of the ready-made large planters that I was able to find were available in custom sizes or material to fit all the niches and variety of areas that I needed planters for. That’s why we set up our shop so that our craftsmen can efficiently build to any dimension an never charge a design or custom fee for a customers solution whether it’s one planter for a home owner or 100 for a major development. Due to the modular nature of our design and short lead times there are no expensive change orders at the end of the project when the as built dimension don’t match the architects drawing, preserving budgets and reputations.

While there may have been a choice of color, there really was not a choice of materials that would impart varying but compatible looks as one finds in pots. In Landscape Architect terms, these large planters fall under the “site amenities” category and are really more appropriate for streets, parks and parking lots.

Fiberglass can crack and only comes with a 3 year warranty at best. Ceramic and cement are not waterproof, and cement planters have steel re-bar at their core. Steel, which expands to 20 times its size as it rusts, cracks the cement, leading to complete failure. If a concrete planter is appropriate for your project, ask the manufacturer to add Xypex®, as used to repair dams, to the mix before construction to retard this process for as long as possible.

If you do have built in “poured in Place”concrete planters leaking through a slab and along beams that can be reached from below there is a warraneed solution that can remedy this that does not require digging up the mature landscaping above. Feel free to contact Sheila at DeepStream for a referral. (305) 857-0466.

Issues with Cement Planters

Cement planters, while great as security crash barriers outside building, the are very heavy to take up elevators and stairwells, and they are just as much work to remove. You may need a crane. There are some lightweight concrete planters coming onto the market now, but still heavy, that may do a better job if they can be adequately waterproofed.  A detailed article with more information on glass reinforced cement planters (GFRC) can be found here.

The ratio of surface area to weight, and lack of controlled drainage limits large cement planters to the ground.  Light color cement planters of great mass offer some protection from solar gain, although they hold heat well into the night.

large concrete planter
large cracked concrete planter
Large cracked concrete planter with multiple cracks along rebar lines
small concrete planter with a crack
cement planter drainage is hard to hide

Planters that have no means of drainage control leave a mess.

Issues with Ceramic Planters

Large ceramic planters have some of the same drawbacks as cement, although thinner walls make them lighter and more fragile, at least they do not have steel at the core.  While they provide some protection from solar gain through evaporative cooling when wet, more than a couple of hours of sun will dry them out.  There are no large surface area ceramic planters that I am aware of.

ceramic planter with peeling paint
Ceramic planters with peeling paint is not the way to showcase your business

Ceramic planters should not be painted as they will peel immediately.

Issues with Carpenter Built Wood Planters

Initially I was drawn to the wood planters you see at street cafés all over Europe, but every planter I saw was falling apart. With my experience in yacht maintenance and rebuilding, including classic plank on plank varnished hull wooden sailboats, I could see that existing wood planter designs were not built to last for more than a few years. DeepStream was in fact created by a sketch of a wood planter I did while enjoying espresso at a sidewalk cafe in Milan that was delineated by this typical decaying wood planter you see all over Europe.

Modular wood planter construction makes custom adaptation very economical so I was determined to engineer a system that would overcome any shortcomings. Furthermore, given the need for lightweight planters for rooftop gardens with a beneficial weight to volume and strength ratio nothing beats wood except recycled plastic lumber.

Available wood planter construction techniques fastened wood to wood, and planters would tear themselves apart with the expansive forces that wood exerts through repeated wet and dry cycles, think of a wooden floor when it gets wet and buckles, that’s the wood expanding across the grain.

I engineered DeepStream wood planter’s trademark Mariner marine anodized aluminum corner extrusion to contain the forces of the wood as it expands and contrasts an allows it to move vertically within the slot, not split.

DeepStream’s Commercial mariner Wood Planters have a hidden structural extruded aluminum frame as one part of an engineered 3-component planter system backed by a Lifetime Structural Warranty. The anodized aluminum legs hold the wood planter box while the frame support a waterproof inner liner with advanced drainage and serves as structural attachment point for various options.

For centuries, wood dowels have been inserted into holes drilled into rock, then soaked with water. The expansion force of the wood is thus harnessed to crack blocks off marble and granite for construction, even though the blocks are hundreds of times thicker than the thin wooden dowel.

Since every wooden plank is cut from a different part of the tree, maybe even different trees, it has its own differential rate of expansion and warping when wet.  This makes dimensional stability using standard wood-on-wood construction in two dimensions impossible to maintain over time, and shipbuilding techniques are far too costly for planter construction. In addition, most wood planters lack adequate isolation from the soil and the deck or sidewalk, which promotes fresh water rot.

Rickety carpenter built wood planter

New wood planters constructed by traditional carpenter methods is already rickety and falling apart. This does not reflect well on this restaurant and they replaced it with ceramic pots a year later which, since this was the sunny side of the building, killed the plants with solar gain and this branch of a chain restaurant ultimate failed.

Carpenter built wood planter details showing cracks although almost brand new

Traditional carpenter built construction warping after just a few months.

Carpenter built wood planter details

Horizontal to vertical separation pulling fasteners out, panels separating.

Carpenter built wood planter details
Carpenter built wood planter details

Raw wood feet on deck absorb water.

Carpenter built wood planter details
Carpenter built wood planter without a waterproof liners make an unsightly mess

Vertical wood grain splits, warps, & rots

Carpenter built wood planter without a waterproof liners make an unsightly mess

Vertically exposed end grain, and non-tropical hardwood quickly succumbs to rot and splitting, even using heavier bolted construction

Carpenter built wood planter details, this is no way to draw attention to your restaurant. I applaud your intentions but your better off not using planters at all.

Unsupported and exposed liners are problematic and unsightly. They clearly do not attract the attention to quality that you want your restaurant or business to stand for, your better off having no planters at all.

While wood will go grey over time just like your teak garden furniture, unless you spend time oiling them often, never varnish them,. Tropical hardwoods have been used for centuries for shipbuilding, boardwalks, docks, etc. If you like the character that time imparts to wood, as I do, a planter constructed using my techniques can last for decades and not waste this valuable and diminishing precious resource.

DeepStream Wood Garden Planter with optional Trellis as a privacy screen

DeepStream Designs horizontal planked tropical hardwood planters are complete system constructed with trademark marine anodized aluminum legs, no paint or powder coating to fail. An aircraft aluminum inner frame supports the waterproof inner liner equipped with advanced drainage solutions and anchors accessories like a trellis or casters. The replaceable HDPE plastic feet isolated from wet decks and soil.

The rugged waterproof liners are 100% recycled food safe LLDPE plastic properly supported, easily watered, with advanced drainage.  DeepStream planters can look good for decades providing the lowest cost of ownership over time, in fact they have a Lifetime Structural Warranty

Aged DeepStream wood planter do not fall apart with time as they are held securely by trademark marine anodized, proprietary aluminum extrusions, no paint or powder coating to fail. Wood is separated from the soil with waterproof, food safe, 100% recycled plastic liners with advanced drainage.

DeepStream’s commercial wood planters with their strong aircraft aluminum inner frame are highly adaptable and perfect to anchor roof top screen walls, without the need to penetrate the roof membrane, for privacy and wind breaks in urban areas. They allow you to add protective glass screen walls and gates to control access, quiet noise, and extend the outdoor dining season for restaurant with patios.

You can see how easy it is to refinished DeepStream wood planters in this detailed blog article.

DeepStream’s Mariner Commercial modular wood planters anchors a privacy screen wall and separate dining areas on an urban restaurant roof deck
DeepStream’s moveable Mariner Commercial Planters anchor glass screen wall for a fine dining restaurant adding space, controlling access, and extending the outdoor season on a city plaza by meeting local codes preventing “permanent structures.

Issues with Plastic, Fiberglass, and Foam Pots

Plastic and resin can be excellent materials if the materials incorporate UV stabilizers. High-quality fiberglass resins should be able to last for at least 10 years, but even then the surface will get chalky over time. Fiberglass can be waterproof if the proper marine resins are used or a barrier coat has been applied, but like resins and plastic it will develop a chalky surface over time.

Proper marine resins and barrier coats are very expensive, if a Fiberglass pot is cheap is will not last but just because one is expensive does not mean it is well made. Fiberglass is brittle and pone to cracking as roots push out, the best warranty for commercial Fiberglass Planters in the industry is only 3 years. Personally, I really like the ones that incorporate materials such as copper in the epoxy resin so that the patina improves over time.

Cracked plastic pot from a home store chain

The major problem with all these pots in a sunny location is lack of protection solar gain, even more than than size, shape, and longevity.

Cracked plastic pot from a home store chain at a sidewalk cafe give a poor appearance

While there are many cheap plastic pots from home stores, I have never seen one large enough to be called a planter, and I can’t resist a word of caution. All of those cheap pots are too thin, contain no UV filters, and they quickly get brittle and break down. Many have painted exteriors that will soon fade and peel.

cracked plastic pot

One particular series of plastic pot found at a national home store chain actually has a two-part construction that can fool you into thinking that they are of higher quality than they actually are. After a couple of months, they separate and the thick top rim falls off.Others are constructed of cheap foam covered with other materials, which quickly break down, and fall apart.

Tap root cracked a typical plastic pot from a home store chain pots a year old, note the roots growing through the drain holes splitting them apart.

Cracked plastic pot home store chain pots a year old, note the roots growing through the drain holes splitting them apart.

While OK if shaded, another shortcoming of plastic pots, aside from a short life, is that available pots are too small for larger plants and the taproot grows out of the hole on the bottom, ripping the pot and making it unstable.  Note the surface degradation of the foam core plastic pot, even in the shade.

An expensive yet peeling plastic pot

Just getting some of the plastic and foam core pots from the large home store back home without breaking proved impossible. Their design and construction was totally inadequate, sacrificed in the quest for the lowest initial cost to lure in suckers like me!

When I calculate the time and effort expended to select, buy, return, buy, return for credit, and then start the process over again, the cost of that lesson was very high indeed. And that is without all the hassle and mess of planting and unplanting. So much for value at the low end of the spectrum.

Peeling plastic planter

More examples:  relatively expensive foam core pots, above, show typical surface degradation in just a few weeks.

If you are looking for an attractive, lower cost planter that will stand up to the hard knocks of life on the streets, whether for use at home, your restaurant, or commercial business, DeepStream’s customizable HDPE plastic food-safe planters, think cutting boards and recycled milk bottles, might be just what you are looking for.

Perfect for Restaurants, commercial building and homes, HDPE Plastic Planters are food safe and are less expensive than fiberglass. They are more flexible and won’t crack like fiberglass and have a solid color throughout that is impervious to UV rays so they don’t show scratches or chip the same way as fiberglass.

They resist graffiti and you may use paint strippers on them or even sand the finish. Since they don’t require expensive molds they may be crafted to the exact custom size you need. They also can incorporate hidden caster base options as shown on 2 of them at right above.

Less expensive, softer, stronger, and more flexible than fiberglass planters, they come with the same 3-year warranty. and unlike fiberglass they are also environmentally friendly in that HDPE planters can be recycled again easily at the end of their long life.

Commercial HDPE Plastic Planter with stiff aluminum caster base and casters

HDPE is a solid color throughout so HDPE Planters do not show scratches in the same way fiberglass or painted metal planters do.  You can use a random orbital sander to effortlessly create a unique new finish.

HDPE Planters can be built with support straps to hold liners which will improve drainage, and eliminate root ball heating from solar gain while eliminating the need to fill the entire planter with planting medium and soil.

Issues with Fiberglass Planters

Fiberglass planters are brittle, without looking closely you can’t see the vertical cracks that are developing that will lead to total planter failure in just a short time.
Fiberglass planters are brittle, corners and middle section are the first to go. the top flange is what stiffens them and once they crack it leads to catastrophic failure. this is why even the best fiberglass planters only have a 3 year warranty. Scratches show easily but fiberglass is easy to repaint although you really need to repaint the entire planter to blend colors as they fade rapidly.
Fiberglass planters are brittle, looking closely you can see the vertical cracks that are developing over the edge in the center of this planter stiffening flange as the roots push out. Once the flange goes it leads to a catastrophic splitting failure. This is why even the best fiberglass planters only have a 3 year warranty.
Fiberglass planter cracked by expanding roots
An expensive damaged fiberglass planter

Contrary to popular belief most fiberglass construction is very prone to breakage.

damaged fiberglass planter

While most fiberglass planters are light, at the expense of strength, they may not be durable enough for certain location.  Currently most fiberglass planters manufacturers are competing on price, with Indian and Chinese imports skimping on materials. 

NOTE: Most of the fiberglass planters built in India, China, and even the US only carry a warranty of 1 to 3 years. DeepStream has a Lifetime Structural Warranty on the planters built with wood or recycled plastic lumber.  

More information on quality Fiberglass Planters can be found in this article.

Not an isolated incident, another damaged expensive fiberglass planter
Details of a damaged fiberglass planter showing the thin wall of fiberglass

In addition fiberglass planters are almost all single-walled and prone to solar gain. White or light-colored ones would be better in sunny locations.  They do not have drainage control, nor do they hide drip irrigation lines.  The large expensive ones above are installed in Miami’s downtown area and while shaded by buildings, they are not really rugged enough for the streetscapes in which they are installed, nor do they have much surface area.  Believe it or not, these planters are just 1/8″ thick painted skins of chopped fiberglass sprayed into a mold.

Issues with Metal Planters

Metal planters have various issues depending on the metal and the design.  There are very few large surface area metal planters, and many forms inappropriate for windy locations. All metal passes solar gain rapidly and is not appropriate on long sunny south and west exposures unless there is a separate liner inside. 

tippy leaking metal planter
tippy leaking metal planter leaving rust stains

Metal planters leaking with rusty seams and rust through pin holes

Steel, iron and all forms of ferrous metal rust, including stainless steel, Corten steel looks great but can leave stains as it ages.  Cast aluminum and bronze can have great longevity depending on the alloy, but painted or powder coated they look terrible with in 3 years.  Zinc and copper patina nicely, but the seams will soon leak if there is no liner. Again, there are very few large surface area metal planters, as the metal is thin and non-structural.

3/16″ or 1/4″ marine grade 5086 or 5083 aluminum welded from the inside with proper rod, are incredibly strong and long lasting. Aluminum is the best choice of metal it its silvery finish works for your design criteria.

Modern commercial 5000 series marine aluminum garden planter with a random orbital sanded natural finish

DeeepStream builds custom aluminum planters to any rectilinear dimension as using yacht building techniques. While the natural random orbital finish is a little more expensive as it must be blemish free it last for decades and is easily refinished.

Slightly more expensive than painted aluminum planters initially, the flat natural oxide finish that develops on unpainted marine aluminum protects it so there is no expensive messy paint or powder coating to replace when it fails in 3-5 years. Unlike fiberglass or HDPE planters they will resist the tremendous pressure exerted by plants with aggressive root systems like bamboo or the Calusa shown here which will grow 8-10 feet tall and split lesser pots and planters.

While aluminum is easily painted or powder coated be aware that, like fiberglass and every painted metal. scratches will show and you will have to blast and repaint them at least every 5 years if not sooner which is a lot of work since you need to replace and replant to do so properly.

Thermal Protection

From the plants’ point of view, thermal gain is as deadly as over- or under-watering. Pots,and most existing planters, also lack insulation qualities to protect the soil from solar gain. On a sunny 80º day, the sun can heat a dark single-layer pot to a surface temperature of 120º, and on a 90º day, the surface temperature can measure 140º or more, with the soil measuring 110º+ on the sunny side of the pot.

measuring planter solar gain
planter solar gain steams roots

Within minutes of moving a fiberglass pot into the sun the surface temperature climbed to 125 degrees on a 84 degree day, while the “liner within a planter” concept in the wood planter behind it keeps the soil no warmer than the temperature of the air.

No matter how much water we gave plants with hot soil, they didn’t do well. Pulling a plant out of a dark pot I found that the roots were literally being steamed! Unless there is a thermal break between the wall of a planter and the container for the plant, the solar gain is transferred to heat the soil. A proper thermal break will keep the soil no warmer than ambient air temperature and prevent both thermal shock and steaming the root system.

Thermal gain steam roots in single wall planters and pots as you can see in this picture
Palms exhibiting thermal stress

These newly planted palms already show signs of stress in limited morning sun. The edges of the leaves turn brown and over- watering rots the heart out of the palm closest to the sunny side so it is lost.  Sea Grapes are much heartier, but will eventually succumb.

Palms exhibiting thermal stress

Only true low solar gain Low-E glazing, which is expensive, can block solar gain. Tinted glass is not enough on south- and west-facing exposures as you can see from these plants dying on a balcony and on the streets.

Palm in plastic pot exhibiting thermal stress
Palm in plastic pot exhibiting thermal stress

Even the browning palm (above top) in the ceramic pot, which has some measure of evaporative cooling when wet, suffers heat stress.  The Robellini palm (above bottom) had no chance of survival.  It has lost the two east facing trunks even though the fiberglass pot is in the afternoon shade of the parapet wall.

If you are using a single wall planter in an exposed sunny location and not getting good results then try to place it behind a barrier to solar gain as you see in this picture.

Shaded ceramic dish planter with the plant doing well shielded from solar gain

In the photo above you are looking south west so the building shades the planters in the morning, then full sun for about 2 hours and then the low parapet shades the planters all afternoon.

Drainage control

Drainage control is important for several reasons:

  • If planters do not drain properly, plants drown or develop root rot.
  • If drainage is too easy, then water is wasted, which can be problematic when faced with water and/or time restrictions and nutrient wash out.
  • Very few condo, converted loft or apartment buildings have drainage built into the balconies for planters or pots. We build trays to catch overflow that will evaporate without staining the deck. Having dirty water overflow from balconies and run down the side of the building or drop onto unsuspecting pedestrians and autos is usually not an option, and may be a violation of your condo rules as well as local city codes.

Condo Boards and building management are understandably reluctant to let residents have more than a pot or two outside on a balcony that can be brought in when it rains. While rooftops generally have drainage, it’s not usually where you need it, so they too have issues when creating a landscaped or green roof, even on a limited scale.. We make planters on hidden casters that can be easily moved in under the balcony roof if your expecting torrential down pours we get here in Miami.

Drainage that is limited to a hole on the bottom, even covered with drain board and filter geotextiles, is especially prone to quickly repeated blockage that requires a lot of effort to restore. Good drainage starts with selecting the proper soil or planting medium. 

For more detailed information on Planting Mix Vs Dirt read this article.

DeepStream addresses the issues with a 3-part drain pack that helps prevent roots and loose soil from blocking the drain holes and waterproof plastic liners have a threaded drain hole to attach drain hoses to direct water to a desired location.

DeepStream Designs creates an advanced 3-layer drain pad out of drain board, filter fabric, and Biobarrier for you so all you have to do to maximize drainage is to place the pad over the DeepStream linner sidewall drain port and hold in place with the appropriate material to slow the flow of water to the drain.
Rugged food safe 100% recycled plastic waterproof planter liner with drain
lanter drain attachments fit DeepStream’s liners threaded ports to control drainage

For more detailed information on how to best install planter drainage click on the following link for much greater detail:  Garden Planter Planting Instructions.

Ease of watering

This challenge is more complicated than it initially appears but easily solved with DeepStream planters, liners, and drip-irrigation:

  • First there is the issue of meeting watering schedules imposed by many municipalities, which may include watering at night.
  • Watering large planted areas, or a great number of planters, with a hose is very expensive in terms of time.
  • Many large planters can be landscaped with plants that have varying root depths.
  • Planters that have a reservoir system only water to one depth, so planting flowers or bushes to surround trees is impossible without additional water sources. Even then the deeper-rooted plants can be over-watered and drown without great care in watering and plant selection.
  • There is also the challenge of providing automatic watering systems without interfering with the aesthetics of the overall project. None of the planters designs shown above have a way to hide drip irrigation lines except DeepStream planters.

Low lifecycle costs, low impact on the environment:

These two issues really go hand in hand. Most developers want to create a “look” without costing a lot of money because the object is to sell the project for the most money while spending the least amount of money delivering that “look” so that profit is maximized. Resident owners may be limited by their budget but are, in general, looking for the lowest possible cost over time.

Quality almost always delivers the lowest cost over time. A well-made product that costs more, but last three times as long costs less money over time and exacts less of a cost on the environment. It also takes far less effort on the purchaser’s part, reducing acquisition and delivery costs, as well freeing up resources for other uses. The decades longevity of our planters makes our them especially popular in urban areas like Manhattan where getting condo or Co-op permission once is hard enough.

Often the cost of the product is confused with quality. The quality-cost equation comprises not only materials and construction, but also thoughtful design, careful purchasing, manufacturing, distribution, and sales cost. While two planters of equal aesthetic appeal and surface may cost the same amount, to truly evaluate value you need to compare the longevity of the design and material.

The lifecycle cost of a product greatly affects its environmental cost. Every material used in construction exacts a toll on the environment. I’ll not argue the relative merits of plastic over fiberglass, or cement over wood, or aluminum over steel. Figuring out the true costs of the energy used by each process, the damage to the earth, and the recyclability of each material is beyond the scope of this forum.

In general terms, products will have a lower impact on the environment if:

  • They are aesthetically pleasing, but not trendy, so that you can enjoy them for a long period of time;
  • They have a modular design, constructed with replaceable parts so that they can be easily repaired instead of discarded should they suffer a mishap;
  • High-quality, long-lasting materials appropriate for the intended environmental conditions are used in construction;
  • They are made from distinct materials that can each be easily separated and recycled. You can get more information on Recycled Plastic Lumber and the Environment in this article.
  • They use materials from renewable resources;
  • The company you purchase them from invests more back into conservation than it takes from the environment.

According to the Yale School of Forestry, while estimates vary, it is thought that between 30 and 50% of all certified Tropical Hardwood shipped into the United states has been “Greenwashed,” meaning that shipments have been provided with falsified and counterfeit documentation. In some countries like Peru, it’s estimated that 90% are illegally logged, devastating their Amazon watershed. For more information click here:  “Greenwashed” Timber and FSC certification

DeepStream makes it easy and cost effective to go Green and stop contributing to climate change. By selecting recycled plastic lumber for your order, you will be preserving the world’s rainforests, the cooling lungs of the earth, while creating a sustainable market for post-consumer and post-industrial plastic waste.

Please discuss saving this diminishing resource for future generations with clients that specify tropical hardwoods. Our recycled plastic lumber requires no maintenance and lasts for decades without fading, saving your clients money while looking better over time than wood ever will.

 If you do order natural hardwood, unlike carpenter-built planters, with DeepStream’s trademark anodized aluminum extrusions, you know that your purchase will last for decades and not waste this precious resource.  Carpenter-built tropical hardwood planters here in Miami last just 3 to 5 years, while DeepStream’s original planters are 15 years old and will last decades more. If your in the area drop by and see them on our penthouse roof deck, post covid of course!

For every product DeepStream’s American craftsmen create for our clients using wood or recycled plastic lumber, we plant between 50 and 100 trees in their honor through Trees For The Future.  As of mid 2020 DeepStream’s customers have planted over 450,000 trees through the Forest Garden program which has has many positive benefits for the earth and its people, in addition to planting trees.  For more information follow this link: Trees.org

Trees for the Future Forest Garden Program is a simple, explicable and scalable approach with proven success. They train farmers over a four-year period to sustainably revitalize their land. They provide all of the training, seeds, tools, and materials. The farmers come prepared with their own land, ready to change their family’s life. Through the Forest Garden Approach, farmers plant thousands of trees that protect and bring nutrients back to the soil. This helps farmers grow a variety of fruits and vegetables. Forest Garden farmers gain increases in income and food security, even in the first year. These grass roots farmers become the teachers in a virtuous cycle, their success attracts others to whom they can sell or give seedlings.

Separate from the environmental concerns about using real tropical hardwoods, we highly recommend RPL Wood Planters, especially in locations such as shopping centers and parking lots, locations serving food and drinks which stain natural wood and make a mess, or anywhere sanitation and easy maintenance are a concern.  Because DeepStream’s trademark planter legs are anodized, not painted or powder coated, RPL planters can be pressure cleaned and kept looking brand new with little effort.

All natural tropical hardwood planters will turn a light gray color and show stains and mold spots if not treated with a waterproofing and UV protector several times a year. This treatment will make all wood darker over time.

Given the time and expense necessary to keep natural hardwood looking good, and the damage done to the rain forests to harvest it, versus the “set and forget it” ease of using recycled plastic lumber, you should give serious thought to which you will select for your project. RPL comes with a 50-year manufacturer’s limited warranty, and DeepStream’s aluminum frame makes up for the fact that is non-structural. To see the available colors and wood grains: Click Here

Weight

Many of the large surface area planters I found were made of cement, which may be too heavy for balconies, and even for roof loading, at the expense of soil depth required for the bushes and trees we wanted to plant.

Form is key to stability in high winds

While the weight of cement has an advantage here, proper design can greatly increase stability. Many planters and pots are not appropriate for outdoor use because the bases are smaller than the top and the surface of the soil may be so high that they are top heavy. If they are blown over, many may break or worse. In many locations, wind can routinely be in excess of 20 mph and may well exceed 70 in gusts. You need to consider: If my planter is blown over will it blow off my roof or balcony?

planter form affects stability

Even light gusts tip tapered planters and pots.

Solutions

2 DeepStream Square Modern Audubon Slate planters flank one in Copper

All in all, finding lightweight, attractive, large volume planters with drainage control that provide a thermal break with an appropriate design aesthetic in a variety of sizes proved to be impossible, let alone planters that would also stand up to the test of time and the rigors of the property maintenance team.

Existing Solutions

I started landscaping my building in 2004 with the SeaCrest series of large planters from Tournesol Siteworks as a good plastic planter solution but unfortunately they no longer produce it. Every planter available at the time had some compromise, so despite the institutional look imparted by the roto-molded plastic construction, they answered most of the other challenges.

I ordered and installed more than a dozen of the 48” round and 72” rectangular planters for the rooftop, where we were able to engineer in the load capacity to hold their fully wetted weight of at least 2,300 lbs for the cylindrical planter and 1,500 lbs for the rectangular planter. We planted the round planters with 6’ high 3-stem Robellini palms.We planted two Jatropha bushes in the rectangular planters.

While the SeaCrest planters were designed with self-watering reservoirs, we found that it was better to put them on drip irrigation (more about that later), but the double wall design for the reservoir planter provided just the thermal break that has allowed our plants to thrive despite the baking Miami sun and gave me the idea for my liner-within-a-planter design.

The drainage in the SeaCrest was always iffy. One other issue with the long 72” rectangular planter that arose is that the middle of the planter tends to bulge from the heat of the sun combined with the pressure from the soil, which creates a “creep” in the plastic. I think that “creep” could be a problem for almost any single wall planter made from non rigid material like plastic, resin, and even fiberglass as the thickness required without a “web” for large planters is cost prohibitive. we have now encased them in our environmental friendly recycled plastic lumber Mariner planter facades for a modern look.

A New Planter Concept

Since I found that there were really no planters on the market for the balconies and rooftop deck on my project that fit the demanding criteria for large modular planters, I created DeepStream Designs to create commercial planters of a Landscape Architect grade that would meet the complex design criteria I listed above.

I’m not going to recreate the commercial DeepStream Designs.com website here, but since a picture is worth a thousand words so you may want to give www.DeepStreamdesign.com site, a quick look over so that the information below has some context. You may notice that at this point I have only designed rectilinear forms.

Ultimately, to create planters with the large surface area and aesthetics that I was looking for, along with an unlimited variety of dimensions and materials, I had to create two different planter systems:  The Mariner Planter for the special challenges of wood and the Audubon Planter that allows planters to be constructed using any other material suitable for outdoor use. Both designs rely on the science and engineering of DeepStream’s “Liner within a Planter” concept for the ultimate health of the plantings, while providing the lowest life-cycle cost for the planters.

Mariner Wood Planters

Designed exclusively to overcome the challenges of constructing wood planters that will last decades while showcasing my favorite material. This is a modular system that allows the wood to expand and contract within the slot of a heavyweight marine anodized aluminum leg without destroying the structural integrity of the planter box. The planking is free to expand, but held at the ends by the legs.

Mariner rectangular wood planter
DeepStream’s trademark Mariner marine anodized aluminum extrusion, no paint or powder coating to fail, make a lifetime Structural Warranty possible. They prevent the wood planks from pulling themselves apart as they expands and contract with humidity.

Mariner wood planters constructed with DeepStream’s proprietary aluminum extrusions allow for many custom options such as Restaurant Planters with Windscreen or Garden Planters for Privacy, that incorporate features not available for other planter types.

Audubon Planters

DeepStream’s unique modular frame system that allows planters, or façade systems of any size, to be made from panels of any suitable material.

The Audubon extrusion allows any material to be used to make a rectangular planter. The planer shown here is using 3form Tigergrass Eco Resin.

Modern Planter with 3Form Bear Grass UV filtered resin panels

Audubon extrusion is a modern planter aluminum leg that accepts slide in panels

DeepStream’s unique frame system allows the use of any appropriate material

Audubon modern square slate planter
DeepStream’s Modern Audubon Slate Planter with Trellis
DeepStream’s modern copper planter detail shows how expensive copper can be backed by an inexpensive waterproof backing, then captured by exclusive U-channel to save customers money and the earths resources with it’s panel technology.

Copper or any appropriate metal or laminate can be used.

Shared Design Features

In theory, only the length of available wood planks for Mariner planters and panel material for the Audubon planters would limit planter size; however, with intermediary legs, the size of either system can be expanded to infinity with DeepStream’s modular prefabricated multi-section commercial planters.

In practicality, the size of a single Mariner or Audubon planter box is limited to 72” in any one horizontal dimension. Dimensions over 72” require that a planter box become a facade that hides a planter liner, or a series of liners, which rest their weight on the building instead of being suspended by the planter box legs. Practical considerations include not only available wood plank lengths, or material sheet size and stiffness for the Audubon planter, but also available planter liner sizes and the combined weight of the soil and plantings.

DeepStream’s two-part “Liner within a Planter” design is not only a solution to solar gain and planter longevity, it is also a key component in drainage control while making watering easy, efficient, and attractive. Every liner can be fitted with an optional drainage system that uses a fitting placed through the liner wall about an inch-and-a-half above the bottom, a filter, a valve, and a hose that can be hooked up to a variety of drainage systems.

A DeepStream planter is a complete system: using a sturdy aluminum frame, no paint or powder coating to fail, to support a rugged waterproof food safe liner, and contain tropical hardwood’s expansive forces, or add structure to eco-friendly non-structural recycled plastic lumber.
DeepStream’s Commercial grade recycled plastic liners with drain well and threaded outlet that accepts hose barbs or other drain fittings.

The threaded drain, fitted to the wall of the planter liner, is more protected from blockage common for bottom-mounted drains.  Although seldom required the drain can be fitted with a valve to provides space for water to accumulate in dry periods to reduce water use and promote plant health. It is a water storage space that can be increased by closing the valve during dry seasons or periods of watering restrictions. The valve allows the drain to be opened during heavy rains to prevent dirty water overflowing from the top of the planter. During heavy rains, the rain will wash away filtered water even without a drainage system hooked into the building’s storm drain system.

Rugged Waterproof Liners constructed from food safe, 100% recycled Linear Low Density Polyethylene (LLDPE) are a key component of DeepStream’s planter design. The separate planter liner is a critical design component, providing a thermal break between the planter box, which absorbs solar gain, and the roots, thus ensuring that the soil is never warmer than the ambient air temperature. This design feature is crucial for plant health on rooftops and southern exposures and cannot be overemphasized or duplicated by single wall planters or pots.

DeepStream rugged waterproof recycled LLDPE food safe plastic liners, with advanced drainage, have a tapered design makes them easy to replant and economical to ship.

Planters with reservoir inserts may be mandated by existing building design in some public areas due to complexities of providing a water source but they are far from an optimum solution. Drip irrigation, with a moisture sensor, timer, and rain sensor, along with DeepStream’s drainage control system, which eliminates drowning the deeper-rooted plants, has proven to be the best way to water plants on our building.

The liner rests on an aluminum frame attached to the aluminum leg, this keeps the edge of the liner below the top of the planter and allows air to circulate and keeps leaves or dirty water from collecting. Drip irrigation lines can be attached to the frame keeping it out of sight and run up to the planter hidden between the liner and the exterior planter box.

The separate waterproof liner also is the key to preventing contact between wet soil, wood, and metal. This design feature ensures greater durability of all materials, thus providing the longest product life, the lowest possible lifecycle cost, and the lowest impact on the environment.

Planter liner aluminum support frame

Drip irrigation provides a natural top-down watering of the soil using a combination of drip emitters, spray heads, and misters that are best for simple and complex plantings with roots systems at different soil depths. Drip irrigation systems can be run off a low pressure “rain barrel” or the building’s high-pressure water system. Unlike single wall planters or pots, DeepStream’s two-part “Liner within a Planter” design hides drip irrigation lines that must run visibly up the outside of single wall planters or pots.

Materials

Durability, modular design with replaceable parts, low lifecycle costs, and minimizing impact on the environment all go hand in hand. To ensure that planters are durable enough to last for decades DeepStream manufactures its wood planters using recyclable marine-grade anodized aluminum and stainless steel fasteners assembled with a special dielectric paste to prevent electrolysis between the dissimilar metals. Aluminum is the world most abundant mineral and it also uses the least amount of energy to be recycled.

The feet on DeepStream’s planters keep the wood from the wet deck, preventing rot induced by wood resting in standing water. They are made from HDPE, a recyclable marine plastic that will not scratch decks and will not absorb water. Our planter liners, constructed from Linear Low Density Polyethylene, are made from 100% recycled plastic and recyclable.

Tropical hardwoods have been used for centuries in shipbuilding, dock, boardwalks, railroad ties and other extreme outdoor uses because their oil content makes them insect- and rot-resistant.Even so, these tropical hardwoods are not rot-proof and they can warp, twist, check and split, which to my mind adds character that is missing in today’s mass products. Our system will minimize all these aspects and contains the wood planks in a structural package for decades. If a plank should need replacing, the modular design means any plank or part of the planter can be replaced.

All of our wood is purchased here in the US so that it meets all environmental import source standards. Additionally, for every planter DeepStream sells, regardless of the construction materials, we plants 50 trees in Brazil.This is done in the name of the customer through a donation to  Trees for the Future. With that being said we encourage you to specify recycled plastic lumber instead as even certified wood has likely been “green-washed” and the depletion of the tropical rainforests is leading climate change.

Recycled Plastic Lumber (RPL)  In keeping with our mantra “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle,” DeepStream has been offering Commercial Planters & Recyclers built with HDPE planks made from recycled milk jugs.

We stock 5 colors of this Green material and it is growing into a major part of our business due to its low maintenance and the 50 year warranty by its manufacturer.  Unlike wood RPL is non-structural and DeepStream has pioneered special construction methods to ensure that structural integrity of large planters is maintained. For more information on how Recycled Plastic Lumber makes a Planter Green read this article.

DeepStream’s Large square Commercial Wood Planters for Trees use maintenance free recycled plastic lumber inside thier aluminum frames to hold rugged liners planted with trees in the forest clearing of the Longhouse Reserve in the Hamptons.
DeepStream’s Commercial Recycled Plastic Lumber Wood Planters are maintenance free and have a strong aircraft aluminum frame supporting waterproof plastic liners with advanced drainage. Marine anodized legs, no paint or powder coating to fail. Lifetime Structural Warranty

Almost any other materials can be used in the Audubon Planter system and each has its own characteristics, longevity curves and environmental impact.For instance, there are fantastic looks in new UV-resistant resins from 3form and Reynolds Polymer, just to name a few, that use natural material in the design and can be recycled. The primary laminate backing material for translucent resins is recycled and recyclable expanded PVC.

Audubon modern marble planter

Tried and true marble or stone of any type, which can last for centuries, is given a new twist when we laminate it to ultra-stiff lightweight honeycomb aircraft aluminum panels so that a 42” planter box is lighter than wood, weighing in at about 52 pounds instead of hundreds of pounds. This allows marble planters, even with 18” of soil, to be used on a balcony or roof project. Even our largest 72” Mariner wood planter weighs only 112 pounds with a 16-pound liner. All of our planters can be shipped assembled and still go up an elevator or stairway easily, or they can be shipped flat and assembled in about 20 minutes with a Phillips head screwdriver.

Stability in high winds is a function of form, height and leverage.In high-wind situations, a square planter has better stability than a rectangular one, and a low planter has better stability than a high one. Of course, a low bush is going to impart less leverage than a tall thick clump of bamboo, while a high palm may allow the wind to just blow through.

Planter Dimension Considerations, although we often get requests for high planters our standard leg heights are 21″, 31″, and 42″ plus a 1/2″ for the foot. This height allows for the standard height of the liner to accommodate 16-17” of soil, plenty for most plantings, while keeping the center of mass low. Aesthetically, it also allows the plant to be the focus of attention, instead of creating a wall of top-heavy looking planters. Lower heights also keeps costs down. If the intention in adding height is to screen a large space, our modular design includes a trellis accessory that combines rugged aluminum uprights and rustproof stainless steel mesh that will stand up to hurricane force winds, yet is not top-heavy.

Here in Florida, it is not possible to bring all the planters in off our large roof deck when a hurricane approaches. We have clips that can be mounted to the fasteners that hold the feet in the legs thus allowing the planter to be bolted to the deck. Many people, however, want to have the ability to move them about, or have rules or conditions that do not allow them to be bolted down so in extreme winds they may be blown over.

Because of these hurricane conditions, I have designed the planter liner to rest on aluminum straps suspended within the planter box. These not only ensure there is no funky accumulation of dirt or water to soil the deck under a planter, but if a planter should blow over and the planter liner blow out, the planter will not sail off the roof as it would if it had a solid bottom.

Call Sheila at DeepStream Designs, 305-857-0466 for a 32 Point Checklist to ensure that your project is successful and help you solve any technical issues your project may encounter ahead of time.

Additional Resources:

Books

Roof Gardens: History, Design, and Construction
Theodore Osmundson (FASLA)
W.W. Norton & Company, 1999.
“A wonderful resource for large green roofs in general and waterproofing, with a table of information about weights of materials  (p. 296).”

Magazines

Fantastic sources of professional landscaping resources:Landscape Architect and Specifier News (www.landscapeonline.com)

Landscape Architecture (magazine of the American Society of Landscape Architects – https://www.asla.org/

Garden Design (www.gardendesign.com)

Drainage

DeepStream Designs Drain Pads with Biobarrier root protection

Variflow Technologies, Inc. (www.Varicore.com) Multi-Flow professional drainage systems with very good information on drainage and preventing blockage using coarse grain sand. Their products are great for large drainage areas.

High-quality GFRC concrete planters

High-quality FRP fiberglass planters

High-quality aluminium planters

Drip Works Irrigation

Categories
Uncategorized

Top 11 Commercial Wood Planters (2020)

The Top 11 Commercial Wood Planters for 2020 provide the lowest cost of ownership over time and the lowest impact on planet Earth.

These prefabricated modular commercial wood planters from DeepStream Designs do not rely on carpenter built wood on wood construction that will fail in 3 – 5 years. They are built using marine anodized aircraft aluminum legs and frame and carry a Lifetime-Structural-Warranty. Anodizing the aluminum legs means there is no paint or powder coating to fail.

Classic Mariner stand alone commercial wood planters create an upscale sidewalk cafe in Miami and are easy to reconfigure as required.

Commercial fiberglass planters are only guaranteed for 1 – 3 years, depending on the company. Fiberglass planters split when the root ball grows out and cracks the rigid fiberglass, or water freezes inside. Fiberglass does not stop the rootball from overheating when the single outer skin heats up to 130-140 degrees in 90 degree air temperature due to solar gain, steaming the root ball.

42 inch high tall commercial wood planters, in maintenance free recycled plastic lumber, feature casters for mobility, allowing privacy between massage tables on the pool terrace of a Waikiki waterfront hotel.

Cast in place concrete planters above grade will crack as buildings settle over time and then leak, creating structural issues such as spalling which are very expensive and disruptive to correct. External commercial planters eliminate those expenses from the beginning.

Large square Commercial Wood Planters use maintenance free recycled plastic lumber inside thier aluminum frames to hold rugged liners planted with trees in the forest clearing of the Longhouse Reserve in the Hamptons.

While some of the commercial wood planters highlighted in this blog are built of real tropical hardwood, many are built using no maintenance recycled plastic lumber which preserves tropical rainforests and recycles the HDPE plastic used in milk jugs.

All DeepStream planters come with a rugged leakproof recycled plastic liner with advanced drainage. The liner within the planter box design also hides drip irrigation lines and optional casters.

DeepStream rugged waterproof recycled HDPE food safe plastic liners with advanced drainage and easy to replant tapered design.

The custom nature of DeepStream’s commercial planters built by American craftsmen mean that they are available in the exact sizes and configuration your projects need, in a short time frame, and there is never a design fee.

Large multi-section prefabricated modular commercial wood planters with their aluminum frame anchor the integrated screen wall, without penetrating the existing roof membrane, to create a dog park on an urban apartment roof deck.

Even complex prefabricated modular commercial planters from DeepStream, such as the roof deck dog park enclosure shown in the photos above and below, set up quickly with unskilled labor using photographic assembly directions for your specific planters and require no additional tools. All planters are completely assembled at our factory and then broken down into easily assembled units for cost effective shipping.

Large multi-section prefabricated modular commercial wood planters with their aluminum frame anchor glass and wood screen wall and gates, without roof penetrations, creating the tenants’ favorite amenity, a dog park on the roof deck.

Since every piece is created to within .001″ accuracy, all parts are replaceable, with digital blueprints kept by DeepStream. Damaged pieces are easily replaced, and they may also be reconfigured with alternate connection pieces if needs change over time.

Lightweight modular custom wood planters make landscaping roof terraces possible as seen here atop a commercial building in Boston where they create outdoor dining and lounging spaces for tenants.

Repeatability and replacement parts are important to project owners, general contractors, and building management when as-built dimensions that differ from plans cause conflict. DeepStream can make changes overnight and have replacement pieces available the next day, no need to delay that certificate of occupancy.

Modular custom commercial wood planters on the roof terrace of a commercial building in Boston, hide drip irrigation and drainage creating an outdoor dining space for tenants.

The modular nature of DeepStream’s commercial wood planters, with their aluminum frame and independent, rugged planter liners, mean that no extra materials need to be brought up onto the roof decks of high rise buildings, and there will be no construction mess blowing around to clean up and remove later.

Midtown Manhattan. The differential height aluminum frame of these commercial wood planters creates a privacy screen wall and supports an integrated trellis.

Even the largest planter installations do not need cranes; they can be brought up on elevators or even stairwells with day labor. This is important as planters are often the last items installed into finished spaces. Smaller planter liners may even be pre-planted.

Commercial Wood Planters, with rugged recycled plastic waterproof liners, on the roof deck of a Chicago restaurant create green dining and lounging areas with an herb garden for the kitchen.

DeepStream’s self contained commercial planter systems hide drip irrigation, drainage, and even lighting, making it easy and almost instantaneous for you to provide a neat and clean installation for commercial and restaurant spaces above grade.

Ultimately customizable, DeepStream’s commercial wood planters, shown below in white recycled plastic lumber, are a designer’s dream and are an easy answer to complex design challenges.

Commercial Wood Planters, made with white recycled plastic lumber, anchor a low key glass security screen wall around the dining area at the Bob Hope USO under the iconic space age Theme Building at Los Angeles International Airport.

When the designers responsible for the restoration and repurposing of the Bob Hope USO facility, photo above, under the iconic space age central hub at the Los Angeles International Airport needed an equally modern, yet low key, security perimeter, they looked to DeepStream’s commercial wood planters to anchor special clear screen wall panels and integrate an alarmed stainless steel emergency exit seamlessly.

Stand alone individual Commercial Wood Planters anchor glass screen wall to create a warm, inviting, upscale outdoor dining area in the windy, foggy San Francisco Bay area by creating a windbreak and providing a mounting location for lighting.

Restaurants, club houses, commercial and private roof decks, golf clubs, hotel pools, and waterparks all have a unique need for beautiful low-key access control that can be easily met using DeepStream’s set-and-forget commercial wood planters that also reduce their maintenance and long-term capital budgets for the lowest cost of ownership over time.

Modular multi-section commercial wood planters, in maintenance free recycled plastic lumber, create a lounging area at a Florida resort clubhouse.

DeepStream’s commercial wood planters constructed with recycled plastic lumber reduce the need to cut down trees from tropical rainforests AND for each planter, or planter section, purchased, DeepStream plants 50 trees in our customers’ honor through Trees For the Future.

Trees for the Future, trees.org, is a fantastic non-governmental environmental program that will issue a certificate to our customers detailing the forest that you have planted to give more back to the earth than you have taken. DeepStream is committed to reducing its environmental footprint and recycled plastic lumber and planting trees to change lives is a very meaningful contribution that should be a serious consideration when making a purchase, and it may be used in your internal and external marketing programs to let your employees and customers know that you are working towards a better future for the world by sequestering carbon, producing oxygen, and cooling the earth.

Categories
Uncategorized

Planter Drainage: modern solutions

Planter Drainage

Water in, water out.  Simple, right? However more plants die from lack of planter drainage than under watering and it’s an expensive, time-consuming, waste of time to deal with poorly draining planters that ultimately have to be dug up and remedied.

DeepStream rugged waterproof recycled LLDPE food safe plastic liners with advanced drainage and easy to replant tapered design that is economical to ship.

Planter drainage is often the weakest link in the delicate balance of nature required to maintain planters and container gardens. This article on planter drainage will present the simple physics, costs, and benefits of advanced drainage system alternatives you should know before installing plants in planters.

If your interested in where drainage falls into the larger overall consideration of planter design and construction click here for details on Planter Selection. The solution ultimately comes down to the design of the waterproof planter liner, or container, design, drain placement, and blockage.

For those of you who have not had the benefit of  walking the trade show floor at a Landscape Architect conference, or who did so without this aspect in mind, I will introduce a “high-tech alternatives” that I am incorporating as options into planters I design for DeepStream Designs.  Click: for printed instructions on drainage.

DeepStream Wood Garden Planter with a Trellis acting as privacy screen wall has a tapered waterproof inner liner with advanced drainage that allow the plant to flourish and flower. The liner provides separation between the wood and the soil, not only extending the life of the planter by decades, it also keeps the the roots from steaming by the “solar gain” which heats the roots ball.

The Drainage Problem

As a Developer and Property Manager I had to deal with planter drainage problems in large built-in concrete planters, and properties with lots of medium-sized stand-alone planters. I can tell you that it is an expensive, time-consuming, and demoralizing task to deal with poorly draining planters that ultimately have to be dug up and remedied.

As prevalent a role as solar gain-induced thermal shock to root systems plays in stunting or killing container-grown plants, the lack of efficient planter drainage is a far more common reason for failure, at least in rainy climates.   Water-soaked roots from a lack of proper planter drainage can kill a plant in less than 24 hours, whereas baking and steaming roots in a single-wall planter or pot can take weeks, or even months, before the plant finally succumbs.

Here in Florida, storms can dump 6″ of rain in just a few hours, so it is easy to overwhelm a poor planter drainage system, and you can literally see containers overflow the top.  However, long periods of drizzle and gray sky, conditions found on the west coast, combine low evaporation with soaking soil which also subtly builds up fatal water levels in containers without an effective drainage system.

Drain size and blockage

The primary reason for water build up is a malfunctioning watering system, combined with a drain clogged by dirt or roots, NOT too small a drain.

Given that a planter filled with nothing but water 6″ deep will drain at the rate of about a cubic foot per minute through a 3/4″ opening, no amount of rain alone will overwhelm a properly functioning planter drain.  Single-point drains of this size are convenient to use for inconspicuous controlled planter drainage systems on balconies, rooftops, and courtyard patios.  The key to making this work over the long-term is technology and design.

DeepStream rugged waterproof planter liners with advanced drainage and threaded ports are made with 100% recycled food safe LLDPE plastic. Their tapered shape aids replanting and economical shipping.

Issues with built in planters drainage

If you have read the Blog article on Planter Selection and Design, or looked in-depth at the DeepStream Designs’ website planter section, you may remember that the reason I ended up designing free-standing planters was to avoid the structural problems associated with built-in planters:  waterproofed planters built into buildings with poured concrete will at some point succumb to settlement cracks,  as well as drainage issues.  Even the best sprayed, rolled, or troweled-on concrete liner systems I have seen will leak at some point in time, and digging in them doesn’t help.

So if you have plans for specimen plants, or are planting trees that will grow too large for workers to lift by hand, make sure you have crane access to lift the trees, or some way to get forklifts or other types of equipment like tripods in to lift the plants out of the planter for repairs, or to bring in new ones should major plants die. 

Avoid building or buying planters or liners with drains in the bottom where you will have to remove large plants to get at them.  Install a vertical 2″ PVC pipe up to the final soil level, with a removable top to keep soil out, before filling the planter with soil so that you can pump water out in an emergency before the plants drown.

Solutions

Proper planter drainage is the element that the container industry is least likely to talk about, because it is relatively complex and is not readily “packaged” for sale.  Making potential customers of larger pots and containers aware of drainage issues is seen as a negative sell, so it is brushed off with instructions to “Drill a couple of more holes in your pots.”   This is an area in which DeepStream can bring great added-value to its customers.

With that said, the advice to drill more holes falls into the “Just because they said it doesn’t make it not true” department.  It is, in fact, the most cost-effective approach for smaller, easily re-potted plantings that you can lift out, in pots which slope evenly outward as the pot wall moves towards the top.  This simple classic form facilitates the removal of the plant to clean out blocked drainage holes without damaging either the pot or the plant.  Essentially, you are pre-planning for blockage by increasing the size of drains that will be clogged.

Free standing planter drainage

When considering free-standing planters, and larger planter liners hidden behind a decorative facade, keep them small enough to work on.  Break the planted area up using multiple overlapped liners, rather than one big liner with one point of failure and lots of plants to remove to find the problem, or to die in the event of a catastrophe. 

A large installation of Custom Welded Waterproof Planter Liners on a roof top are compartmentalized to isolate drainage problems. Drip irrigation lines are inserted through the top of liner walls below soil level.

It is not just the cost of the plants to consider, but also the considerable disruption and effort to find and remedy the problem.  There is also the mess to clean up, especially on rooftops in urban areas, and the potential for cosmetic damage to the building by workers during the process.

Soil Mixture

Soil mixture is a critical consideration, both for the plant and the building weight limits, as we often find on rooftop and balcony projects.  You are looking for soils that will hold nutrients, PH, and moisture within fairly specific ranges that best suit what is being planted, while at the lowest possible weight.  Very seldom is “dirt” just dumped into a container. 

This soil selection process, done right, eliminates much of the problem caused by “fines”, the small clay-like particles that block filter membranes. Use perlite to increase drainage rates in wet climates or it’s opposite, vermiculite, to retain water in dry climates, under balconies or indoors.

Another drainage consideration is filtration and root blockage.   A planter is really just a shaped French drain.  Small particles of clay (fines) are carried by the gravity-induced water flow downward towards the drain.  Unfiltered, these fines will block any filter membrane in a remarkably short time.  The standard way to create a rough filter well area is to fill the bottom of a planter or pot with a few inches of gravel over a bottom drain.

A waterproof planter liner with advanced drainage within a wood planter box

One key design factor of DeepStream planters is that they uses a liner within a decorative facade. This not only prevents solar gain, but also hides drip irrigation lines and the drain.  This is important in aiding filtration because the drain does not need to be limited to the bottom of a pot as it will quickly clog.

Drain Location

When considering drainage for large planters, and which planter forms to purchase, the first step is drain location:  Realize:  YOU WILL HAVE TO DIG UP OR REPOT YOUR PLANTERS SOMETIME! 

Yes, that’s the dirty secret.  It is inevitable.  The question is: how long can you go between major events.  Even though drainage issues can often be fixed with the plants in place if the planter liner is properly designed with a taper form wider at the top, as DeepStream’s are, it is much more convenient to avoid them, and less costly over the long run as well.

DeepStream’s liners locate the standard 3/4″ drain a couple of inches up the sidewall creating a “well” below the drain.  Fines tend to settle down into this “well”, as water flowing towards the sidewall drain tends to be very slow under most circumstances, so most fines gradually work their way to the bottom.  The well also acts as a small water reservoir for the larger roots.

Advanced drainage solution

DeepStream’s advanced drainage system includes a 4″ by 6″ drain board (think of a thin, uncrushable egg crate covered with geo-textile covering) to increase the drainage surface area.  The drain board comes hot-glued over the drain.  When adding the plants to the planter, be sure not to compress this drainboard against the side of the planter wall with a force or a hard root ball, or it will act as a perfect seal against the drain and stop all water flow.  Additionally, there is a roughly 2 sq ft piece of weed block fabric to be folded over and placed over the drain board as further protection against penetration by roots.

Commercial recycled plastic liners, drainage board, weed block, Bio-Barrier
Solve planter drainage problems before they start. DeepStream Designs commercial grade recycled plastic liners with drain well and threaded 3/4″ NPT outlet for adding hose fitting if required.

Weed Block, as geo-textile is often marketed,  is a misnomer.  The “30-year commercial landscaper” variety you see at the large home centers will have roots growing through it in less than 2 years.  That said, it still helps delay the inevitable, and DeepStream still provides it with the standard drainage kit.

It is highly recommended that the geo-textile fabric is kept in place by the very important filter of at least a 2″ thick covering of very clean, very coarse sand of between 1 and 2 mm particle size.  For reference, the wire of a medium paper clip is 1 mm.  While very coarse sand is hard to find, it is the best filter, although it does nothing to block root penetration.  Masonry or playground sand is too fine and will compact and prevent drainage; pea gravel lets too many fines through, and they will block the filter fabric.

One good and available material, though not perfect, is Paver Base and Perliete found at Home Depot.  Most of the grains in Paver Base are large enough, but it still has a lot of fines in it but it keeps the Perlite in place well when potting.  The well in DeepStream’s commercial grade planters is plenty deep to handle this without clogging the drain.

While not ideal, paver base is available nationwide at a large home store and is a reasonable planter drainage material to slow the water flow given that DeepStream Designs planter liners have a sump below the drain to catch the “fines”

Technology Enhanced Filtration:  Two Steps

The most important aspect of new drainage technology is in preventing root blockage.  DeepStream now offers an optional  root control fabric, BioBarrier (TM) with a plastic-embedded non-systemic herbicide, with a lower toxicity than table salt or aspirin, that creates a 2″ thick root deflection zone around the drainage material by preventing root cell tip division.  The product, guaranteed effective for 15 years, has been used as a weed control system for more than 35 years in agriculture to prevent weed growth between row crops.  Now, with proper filtration, one should be able to go 15 years without digging up a planter, usually a job performed every 2-3 years in heavy rainfall areas.

Giant sports stadiums and golf courses, with millions of dollars at stake if drainage fail use high-tech crush-proof mats of plastic tubing covered with geo-textile to ensure a large drainage area and directed water flow to prevent damage to grass and delays in play caused by flooding.

DeepStream now offers this same advantage in its single-point directed flow system uniquely adapted for balconies, roof gardens, interior courtyards and other areas where drainage control is required.   This is lighter, more effective, and allows for deeper planter medium than less effective gravel systems.

3 part planter liner drain pad with drain board, geo fabric, and Bio-Barrier.
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Recycled Plastic Lumber Planter

Recycled Plastic Lumber Planters: Helping the world’s Rainforests.

In 2009, DeepStream started offering low maintenance Recycled Plastic Lumber Planters (RPL) as an alternative to tropical hardwood planters.

DeepStream’s Large square Commercial Planters made with recycled plastic lumber are strong enough to hold trees thanks to their hidden structural aluminum frames and plastic planter liners.

Over the past 11 years more and more DeepStream customers have been choosing recycled plastic lumber planters over tropical hardwoods harvested from rainforests.  By 2017, RPL was specified more often than natural wood thanks to the concern of our customers and their commitment to the environment.

High profile green roof projects such as Boston’s Fenway Park have chosen DeepStream’s planters as the perfect combination of sustainable design, recycled, and recyclable content providing both the lowest total impact on the environment and lowest cost of ownership over time and low maintenance.

Sales of DeepStream Designs’ Recycled Plastic Lumber products exceeded those of Tropical Hardwood by 2017

Recycled Plastic Lumber Planters reduce maintenance costs while enhancing your properties and brands through the timeless beauty and environmental statement that DeepStream Recycled Plastic Lumber Planters, trash and recycling bins make with your customers.

Recycled Plastic Lumber Planters and combination Commercial Trash and Recycling Receptacle

Like many successful companies, DeepStream was created in a response to a need.  While building a condominium project and reviewing the “universe” of garden planters, we found that what we wanted was not available elsewhere.

Wood planters were all carpenter-built with wood-on-wood construction, and as I’ve detailed in my Planter Selection Blog and, like many other construction techniques and materials, they just don’t last and waste a precious resource and your money. They give your business a bad image of low quality and lack of care, it’s better not to use any at all.

Rickety planter with carpenter built techniques soon fall apart as the planter goes to wet and dry cycles

The valuable wood harvested from the world’s rapidly diminishing rainforests is wasted, as the planters tear themselves apart and are thrown away in a few years (typically 3-4 years here in Miami).

Wood Planters using carpenter built techniques soon fall apart

If your project absolutely must use tropical hardwood, then specify DeepStream’s Mariner Planter System as it is engineered with the principles of Sustainable Design to use, or even reuse, hardwood or recycled plastic lumber in a design that honors the wood, allowing construction that extends wood life by decades.

While not as environmentally friendly as recycled plastic lumber planters DeepStream Commercial Wood Planters will last for decades and create a bright natural sidewalk café while absorbing carbon, giving off oxygen, cooling the sidewalk, and creating business for the restaurant inside that might otherwise go unnoticed.

Harvesting tropical hardwood destroys important habitats around the world, even if “sustainably harvested,” as hardwood trees take 50 years or more to reach maturity.  A recent article in the New York Times put the percentage of tropical hardwood illegally harvested but sold with counterfeit documents at 50% for Brazil and 90% from Peru.

According to the Yale School of Forestry, while estimates vary, it is thought that between 30 and 50% of all certified Tropical Hardwood shipped into the United states has been “Greenwashed,” meaning that shipments have been provided with falsified and counterfeit documentation. In some countries like Peru, it’s estimated that 90% are illegally logged, devastating their Amazon watershed.

For more information click here: “ Greenwashed” Timber and FSC certification

Planters made with non-structural Recycled Plastic Lumber planks (RPL) inside DeepStream’s unique structural aluminum frame are a perfect choice for outdoor placement, while making a strong environmental statement.

5 standard wood grain recycled plastic lumber colors

Separate from the environmental concerns about using real tropical hardwoods, we highly recommend RPL Wood Planters, especially in locations such as shopping centers and parking lots, locations serving food and drinks which stain natural wood and make a mess, or anywhere sanitation and easy maintenance are a concern.  Because DeepStream’s trademark planter legs are anodized, not painted or powder coated, RPL planters can be pressure cleaned.

All natural tropical hardwood planters will turn a light gray color and show stains and mold spots if not treated with a waterproofing and UV protector several times a year. This treatment will make all wood darker over time.

Given the time and expense necessary to keep natural hardwood looking good, and the damage done to the rain forests to harvest it, versus the “set and forget” ease of using recycled plastic lumber, you should give serious thought to which you will select for your project. RPL comes with a 50-year manufacturer’s limited warranty, and DeepStream’s aluminum frame makes up for the fact that is non-structural.

DeepStream makes it easy and cost effective to go Green and stop contributing to climate change. By selecting recycled plastic lumber for your order, you will be preserving the world’s rainforests, the cooling lungs of the earth, while creating a sustainable market for post-consumer and post-industrial plastic waste.

4 premium wood grain recycled plastic lumber colors

Please discuss saving this diminishing resources for future generations with clients that specify tropical hardwoods. Our recycled plastic lumber requires no maintenance and lasts for decades without fading, saving your clients money while looking better over time than wood ever will.

If you do order natural hardwood, unlike carpenter-built planters, with DeepStream’s trademark anodized aluminum extrusions you know that your purchase will last for decades and not waste this precious resource.

Like offsetting your carbon footprint by buying carbon credits, another way to reduce this impact is to replant far more trees than are used in crafting our products. We do so in our customers names through Trees for the Future.

To date, June 2020, using proceeds from the sale of our products, DeepStream has planted more than 450,000 trees in our customers’ honor, reflecting DeepStream’s and our customers commitment to the environment we are leaving for future generations.

Before specifying tropical hardwood for your projects please look at the comprehensive worldwide overview of the problem created by using tropical information presented at this link:

Eliminate needless rainforest destruction by specifying DeepStream RPL planters and fixtures. The RPL DeepStream uses is backed by a 50-year limited warranty by its manufacturer.

Please call Sheila at DeepStream Designs 305 857-0466 to discuss your needs.

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Environmental Stewardship

Sea levels continue to rise faster than predicted just a few years ago making environmental stewardship important to coastal communities.

DeepStream Designs has created a full range of sustainably designed garden plantersgreen wall grids, hanging planters,  and site amenities like recycling receptacles and benches made with recycled plastic lumber to make environmental stewardship easy.

DeepStream’s commercial wood Mariner planter system with a hidden aluminum frame, advanced drainage, and Lifetime Structural Warranty

Planters help reduce global warming by providing more environments for plants to absorb carbon and release oxygen while reducing both water usage and the solar gain that heats building walls, roofs, and surrounding pavement.

DeepStream’s Modern Audubon Slate Planter with Trellis act as a privacy screen on a Miami roof deck.

Plants significantly reduce the energy needed to cool buildings. This is a virtuous cycle of environmental stewardship that reduces the fossil fuels used in electricity generation used to provide artificial cooling to the same buildings.

According to the American Institute of Architects (AIA), buildings are the leading source of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States. According to estimates in the AIA’s Architects and Climate Change report, buildings represent 48 percent of carbon dioxide emissions, with transportation and industry representing 27 percent and 25 percent respectively.

Rooftop planters shade a building in Miami preventing it from adding to the urban heat island. Roof gardens clan the air, reduce carbon and energy usage, all are essential ingredients of environmental stewardship.

Estimates in the AIA’s Architects and Climate Change report, are that buildings represent 48 percent of carbon dioxide emissions, with transportation and industry representing 27 percent and 25 percent respectively.

Environmental Stewardship can be as low tech as railing mounted planter box on parking garage walls

While science deniers argue global change is normal state and that there is no proof of human impact on climate change, that it is just a normal process humans have no impact on, an overwhelming number of scientists and even industrial leaders and nations disagree.

Climate change may have normal cycles, but there is nothing historically normal about the human population explosion and the impact that their energy consumption and pollution has on the earth’s bio systems.  Many people believe that the individual CAN make a difference.  However, working in conjunction with Architects we could do a lot more.

DeepStream Wood Garden Planter with Trellis as a privacy screen

Not only do high concentrations of people in mega-buildings concentrate greenhouse gas, but building these high-density buildings also increases the surface area on, if not of, the earth that can absorb heat. 

It is not just office towers; residential condo towers are creating increasingly dense urban and coastal areas that contribute to the formation of “heat islands” and global warming by adding heat-retaining surface area.   Any city resident knows that it is often 10 degrees warmer in the city than the suburbs or rural areas around them.

Green Wall Planters provide oxygen, sequester carbon, and cool cities. Tournesol green wall available through DeepStream.

 The Green Roof movement is great, but the ratio of wall to roof area is much greater on high-rise buildings.  If Architects designed balconies with drainage and water spigots built into their clients’ high-rise buildings, it would allow residents and offices to help offset their impact to a far greater degree both in terms of cooling and exchanging oxygen for carbon and absorbing other pollutants.

Green Wall Garden Planter cools the building while cleaning the air and giving off oxygen

Successful landscaping and gardening on balconies and rooftops, especially of condo towers, has many challenges that residents with terrestrial gardens in homes don’t share, especially if the building Architect is not on the same page. 

DeepStream Designs has created a planter system specifically to address all these issues today and make them easy to incorporate even with out architectural help:

Balcony and rooftop gardening, on any scale, is not only fun and beautiful but it really does help offset the greenhouse gas emissions and helps in cooling these heat island and saves on your electric bills. Environmental stewardship is a worthy endeavor within the grasp of individuals using low tech, renewable resources.

A large installation of Custom Welded Waterproof Planter Liners on a roof top are compartmentalized to isolate drainage problems. Drip irrigation lines are inserted through the top of liner walls below soil level.
Waterproof liners with advanced drainage and automatic drip irrigation make commercial roof top “farm-to-table” gardens possible.

When planters, fixtures and site amenities are constructed with recycled plastic lumber it helps the environment in 2 major ways:

  • They create a sustainable market for recycled plastic.
  • The replace the use of rot resistant tropical hardwood helping to eliminate the destruction of the World’s Tropical Rainforests, preserving many reliant species, and the ability to act as the lungs of the earth, cooling the world and providing clean oxygenated air.
Large recycled plastic planters at Fenway Park create a farm-to- table environment where you can watch your salad grow
Taking farm-to-table to its ultimate expression DeepStream recycled plastic lumber planters with advanced drainage and drip irrigation at Fenway Park Strega Deck

For more information about the urban farming program shown here in Boston at Fenway park just follow this link: Container Garden Fenway Park’s Home Run

DeepStream’s ergonomic, weatherproof, maintenance free, recycled plastic lumber Perfect Bench. Anodized aluminum and 316-stainless steel, no rust and no paint or powder coating to fail.

If you have any questions, or there is anything DeepStream’s dedicated American craftspeople can design and build for you using Recycled Plastic Lumber, check out the DeepStream Website or contact us to discuss your project.

Modern Recycled Plastic Lumber Commercial Combination Trash and Recycling Receptacle

There is never a fee for design or quotes. Sheila Boyce has designed thousands of installations, so she is a great free and friendly resource at your disposal. Call her at: 305 857-0466 or email dsdmiami@gmail.com.

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Irrigation is critical for container gardens

Irrigation, along with fertilizing, of container gardens is critical because the containers are closed systems. 

Automatic Drip Irrigation Manifold with Rain Sensor and 4 active zones

The needs of moderate or larger installations are best met with simple drip irrigation and fertilization systems which require no electricity.  Hiding the feeder lines for aesthetic reasons is one of the key features of the containers I design for DeepStream Designs.

While most plants do best with a consistent soil moisture content, many need to dry out between water applications.  Of course, some plants require special over or under irrigation.  A multi-valve multi-line drip irrigation system can use automatic timers to achieve both effortlessly.

The picture above is my manifold setup, which along with the drip irrigation on 4 circuits, was installed in a single  afternoon.

To simplify your irrigation, it is best not to mix plants that may need different types of watering, fertilizing or soil in the same container.

DeepStream Commercial Wood Planter in Recycled Plastic Lumber create a “farm to table” roof top container garden. The drip irrigation lines can be hidden between the outer planter box and the waterproof recycled plastic food safe liner of 100% recycled plastic that rests on a rugged aircraft aluminum frame.

While this concept can also be extended to root depth, in larger planters it can actually work quite well as trees or bushes with deep roots can benefit from the needs of flowers with shallow roots that dry out more quickly to be watered several times a day with a  topical water spray which can augment a deeper root drip irrigation line fed by a line on a different timer.

Generally, I run at least two 1/2″ main irrigation lines to feed perimeter planters:  one for the deep-rooted plants watered by drip irrigation soaker hoses with emitters on 6″ spacings, and another with sprayer and/or misters that either hang from taller trees or bushes or stand on spikes.

In every case, I use in-line micro-valves on every 1/4″ feeder line from the 1/2″ main irrigation line to tailor the water delivery of each line to the planter, as the micro climates of each planter may vary considerably depending on exposure to sun and wind.

DeepStream Commercial Wood Planter in Recycled Plastic Lumber create a farm to table roof top garden at Boston’s Fenway Park Strega Deck

Delivering micro-doses of fertilizers on a consistent basis precludes the trough and peak delivery of single monthly doses of liquid fertilizers or the irregular dosing provided by slow-release coated dry fertilizers that depend on rainfall to dissolve.  Plants do better with this type of consistent feeding.

An advantage of installing different main irrigation circuits for different types of plants is that a fertilizer injector system can be installed upstream of the valves.  Running one valve at a time, you can meet the needs of different plant types with different types and proportions of fertilizers with just the flip of a switch.

DeepStream Commercial multi-section Wood Planter in Recycled Plastic Lumber create a farm to table roof top garden at Boston’s Fenway Park Strega Deck

A visit to Dripworks’ catalog will give you a good overview of the types of irrigation products available that make this very easy, even systems that work on elevated rain barrels.

Reservoir planters and planter liners are another form of irrigation that will work when you have plantings with similar root structure and no running water.  These system use a bottom up water supply so if you have different plants, some with shallow roots that need more water and others with deep roots that need less they do not work as well as the top down found in nature. Proper drainage is a as important as irrigation as plants quickly drown. It can also be harder to implement.

DeepStream rugged waterproof recycled LLDPE food safe plastic liners with advanced drainage and easy to replant tapered design that is economical to ship.

For more information check out DeepStream Design’s solution website. You can also text Sheila at dsdmiami@gmail.com , or call her at 305 857-0466. With the experience of thousands of installation she is a valuable sounding board and friendly resource whether your a homeowner with a single need. or a Landscape Architect or Contractor with large installation challenges.

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Lightweight Planters

Lightweight planters such as the cost-effective, multi-section garden planters by DeepStream Designs can help integrate green rooftop and balcony landscaping into more projects.

Using lightweight planters reduces the weight of structural components allowing for more plants and planting medium.  The engineered structural integrity of DeepStream’s 3-component commercial planter system is backed by a Lifetime Structural Warranty and will last for decades. The marine anodized finish on the proprietary aluminum legs keep them looking great. There is no paint or powder coating to fail.

800 feet of DeepStream Designs lightweight modular multi-section planter system, shown on a roof deck in midtown Manhattan, made with maintenance free recycled plastic lumber

More than a planter, DeepStream’s Commercial Planters are a complete 3-part engineered system. Proprietary anodized aluminum legs are engineered to contain the wooden planter box as it expands and contracts through endless wet and dry cycles. The legs support a hidden aluminum frame that allows for hidden drip integration systems and drainage while holding the waterproof liner with advanced drainage options.

DeepStream’s American craftsmen custom build your planters from two types of proprietary aircraft aluminum extrusions which provide structural frames for wood, copper, slate, or recycled plastic lumber that will last for decades.  For more information on maintenance free Recycled Plastic Lumber Planters that save money and resources while making a strong environmental statement.

800 feet of DeepStream Designs lightweight modular multi-section planter system, shown on a roof deck in midtown Manhattan, is made with maintenance free recycled plastic lumber
Marine anodized aluminum legs and aircraft aluminum frame backed by a Lifetime Structural Warranty assembles in just 15 minutes per section with all tool included.

This modular lightweight planter system allows for long straight runs of unlimited length, accommodates right-angle corners, and can include gates, trellises, privacy and windscreens, railings, large panels, or any combinations of features.

DeepStream Designs garden gate mounted on two recycled plastic lumber Mariner planters
Lightweight Mariner Commercial Planter Anchored Screen Walls adds natural colorful privacy to roof decks without requiring problematic roof membrane penetration.

Designed with modern architectural lines, these modular lightweight planters are available in standard 21”, 31” & 42” heights, with economical custom options available.

800 feet of DeepStream Designs modular multi-section planter system, shown on a roof deck in midtown Manhattan, is made with maintenance free recycled plastic lumber
DeepStream’s planters line parapet walls at the NFL’s Manhattan Headquarters

Engineered to last for decades, DeepStream’s lightweight garden planter systems use separate rugged waterproof plastic internal liners and filter packs that prevent drain blockage.

Lightweight wood planters need liners. Here you see 16 stock sizes of rugged waterproof, food safe, plastic planter liners with advanced drainage Custom welded planter liners are available in any size.
DeepStream Designs creates an advanced 3-layer drain pad out of drain board, filter fabric, and Biobarrier for you so all you have to do to maximize drainage is to place the pad over the DeepStream linner sidewall drain port and hold in place with the appropriate material to slow the flow of water to the drain.

The liner-within-a-planter design not only provides a crucial thermal break to prevent root ball stress, but they also facilitate hiding irrigation, modern advanced drainage, and lighting infrastructure.

The tapered design of DeepStream’s stock liners not only provides critical irrigation, they make it easy to replant, or trim root, as part of a spring conditioning that will allow plants to flourish for years.

DeepStream Design’s multi-section lightweight wooden planters reduce roof loading and do not require roof membrane penetrations
DeepStream Designs lightweight wood multi-section planter and plastic liner detail. Liners contain the soil, provide optimal drainage, hide drip irrigation, electrical, and directed drainage systems.
DeepStream’s lightweight multi-Section Modular Planters are an engineered planter system with proprietary marine anodized legs forming a wood planter box that hides an internal structural aluminum frame that supports a waterproof planter liner with advanced drainage and drip irrigation
DeepStream’s Commercial Wood Planters with a Lifetime Structural Warranty are lightweight self-contained engineered system comprised of a wood planter box, structural aluminum frame, and waterproof planter liner with advanced drainage.

Planters are quickly assembled on site, 10-15 minutes per section, even by inexperienced sub-contractors using just a screwdriver.  Landscape contractors can pre-plant liners to speed installation while reducing labor, cartage, and clean-up.

DeepStream Designs lightweight multi-section garden planter aluminum frame detail. Proprietary T-Legs allow for cost saving planter runs of unlimited length

The speed and neatness of the DeepStream planter system is especially important for your customers in high rise urban condominiums where approval by condo boards must be obtained before projects can begin.

No cranes and street closing permits are necessary as the modular design and packaging allow these lightweight planters to be brought up elevators or even carried up stairs by day laborers.

DeepStream Designs lightweight wood multi-section planter and plastic liner detail

Each project has custom assembly instructions using keyed versions of your drawings and photos of your actual planters taken during test assembly at our manufacturing facility.

DeepStream Designs lightweight wood multi-section planter with plastic liner and Lifetime structural warranty

When placed up against walls non-visible planks can be left off the back to save both weight and expense.

DeepStream Commercial Multi-Section planters are perfect for urban roof decks where its expensive to maintain and replace planters standard planters.

Your project is custom manufactured to your exact needs, erected, labeled, disassembled, bundled, and crated to allow for cost-effective delivery to even the hardest to reach construction sites.  

With thousands of installations, and planters of every type, DeepStream is ready to be your planter expert.  Call Sheila at (305) 857-0466 for more information and a 32 point checklist to ensure that your project is successfully completed ontime, on budget, and without stress.

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Wooden Planter Design

DeepStream Planters will last decades while Carpenter built planter construction  will only last 3 to 5 years. 

DeepStream’s Planters are a 3-part engineered system modular assembly of replaceable parts which incorporates DeepStream’s trademark marine anodized aluminum legs, tropical hardwood or maintenance free recycled plastic lumber panels, and sturdy aircraft aluminum frame that supports a food safe, 100% recycled LLDPE waterproof liner.

Don’t confuse these planters with carpenter built planters that will fall apart in 3 to 5 years. Deep’Streams engineered system internal aluminum frame supporting the liner, with advanced drainage solutions, allows for a Lifetime Structural Warranty. The aluminum frame also allows you to add accessories like casters, screen wall, trellises, and more.

DeepStream’s Commercial Wood Mariner Planters proprietary aluminum legs and hidden frame allow for a Lifetime Structural Warranty

If you’re an owner or manager of a property where a wooden planter will be placed give serious consideration to planter construction techniques. Consider what it will mean in terms of cost and disruption to go back and replace or repair carpenter built planters, especially on rooftops and balconies, every 3 – 5 years.

DeepStream’s 3-component engineered commercial planter system with a hidden aluminum frame supporting a waterproof liner from trademark marine anodized legs.

With DeepStream’s wooden planter design all parts are replaceable making maintenance, refinishing, and repairs quick and easy.

DeepStream-7 year old unmaintained pre-refinished planter in place with liner removed
DeepStream 7 year old refinished planter back in place after sanding off .014″ and applying Ipe Oil.

Even stainless steel fasteners are galvanically isolated by using a proprietary dielectric paste so that they may be removed easily years later to replace parts or refinish the planter easily. the before and after pictures of the 7 year old planter shown in pictures above only had the original coat of factory waterproofing and no maintenance.  The “fresh” look was achieved by sanding off just.014” of the 3/4″ thick planks exterior.

Why? Each plank of a wooden planter is cut from a different part of the tree ,or even different trees. This means each plank has its own differential rate of expansion, splitting, and warping when wetted. This makes dimensional stability using standard wood-on-wood construction in two dimensions impossible to maintain over time, and shipbuilding techniques and maintenance are far too costly for planter construction.

DeepStream Ipe planks after 7 years. Unmaintained on left. .014″ sanded off and and oiled on right

Wood on wood planter construction uses carpentry techniques that fasten wood to wood, and planters tear themselves apart with the expansive forces that wood exerts through repeated wet and dry cycles.

Problems with carpenter built wood planters

For centuries, wood dowels have been inserted into holes drilled into rock, then soaked with water. The expansion force of the wood is thus harnessed to crack blocks off marble and granite for construction, even though the blocks are hundreds of times thicker than the thin wooden dowel. This is the same action at work on a carpenter built wood planter splinting seams apart.

Problems with carpenter built wood planters,

In addition, most wood planters lack adequate isolation from the soil and the deck or sidewalk, which promotes fresh water rot, water entering vertical planks creates cracks as you see above and below.

Problems with carpenter built wood planters
Problems with carpenter built wood planters, without proper liners the soil in contact with the wood creates rot.
Problems with carpenter built wood planters, rotting from the bottom up.

DeepStream uses proprietary marine anodized legs and stainless steel fasteners to clamp the wood and direct the expansionary forces up the channel so that the wood can expand and contract at different rates without affecting the planter’s structural integrity.

DeepStream Design’s proprietary marine anodized extruded aluminum legs are engineered to support a hidden structural aluminum frame which supports the waterproof liner and HDPE feet to isolate the planter from contact with soil and the ground.

Unless directed to do so by a customer, DeepStream never uses paint or powder coating, which will fail in 3-5 years. If you order environmentally friendly maintenance free recycled plastic lumber they may be cleaned with a pressure washer.

Virtually blemish free 7 year old proprietary marine anodized aluminum leg after simply wiping down with mineral spirits

Large Wooden Planter: comparing real wood to recycled plastic lumber

For even lower maintenance cost and greater longevity consider ordering DeepStream’s recycled plastic lumber planters and do your part to save the World’s tropical hardwood rain forests.

The commercial grade rigid plastic liners, mounted on an independent aluminum frame, contain the soil and prevent contact between the soil and the wood, preventing rot.

Lightweight wood planters need liners. Here you see 16 stock sizes of rugged waterproof, food safe, plastic planter liners with advanced drainage Custom welded planter liners are available in any size.

The waterproof planter liner with advanced drainage is an important feature of DeepStream’s commercial planter system. Container grown bushes, small trees, and perennials require repotting from time to time and DeepStream’s liners tapered shape allow for easy replanting and conditioning in the spring.

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Choosing Garden Planters

There are several issues to consider when choosing a garden planter.  Start with aesthetics, how it functions, and the cost value relationship.

In some difficult situations such as high winds where stability is paramount, or south and west facing locations with intense sun where there needs to be a air gap between the planter box and the liner to keep the root ball from overheating, you will have less options when choosing a garden planter.

When Choosing a garden planters function is as important as aesthetics. Self contained Cafe Planter such as these, with waterproof liners and advanced drainage, allow for cleaning underneath preventing pests and health code violations and the narrow design doesn’t take up valuable space. Another option is full dept planter boxes on casters.

You also need to determine the types of plants you want and what their soil, drainage and watering requirements are. Local Landscape Architects, landscape maintenance companies, or your local nurseries can give you good advice.

Choosing a movable DeepStream commercial restaurant planter with glass screen wall provides a windbreaks, controlling access, quieting noise, expanding social distancing space while extending the outdoor season.

When choosing a garden planter remember that it will affect your choice of plants which is determined by soil volume as well as sun and watering requirements All these consideration directly influence the planter liner depth and width so that your plants grow well as they mature and will not require a lot of extra maintenance.

If you’re thinking of planters that require a waterproof inner liner, pick a planter with a stock molded liner size first, otherwise you may find yourself limited to more expensive custom-welded liners. While all wood planters require a seperate waterproof liner not all wood planters are alike.

Wood planters built with carpenter techniques will fall apart in 3-5 years while DeepStream’s 3-component wooden planter systems have a Lifetime Structural Warranty. Longevity is provided by a hidden structural aluminum frame mounted to proprietary trademark anodized aluminum legs, no paint or powder coating to fail, which are engineered to contain the woods countless wet and dry cycles over decades. The systems has a separate waterproof liner with advanced drainage to prevent contact between the wood and planting medium while also providing an air gap to prevent solar gain from overheating the root ball, the gap can also be used to hides drip irrigation lines and electrical conduit for lights.

Another consideration should not be just the initial cost of the planter, you should consider the lifetime cost of the planter in terms of maintenance, replacement, and plant health. DeepStream’s planters have been designed and constructed using the principles of Sustainable Design to provide the lowest cost of ownership to both the customer and the environment over time.

DeepStream’s Commercial Multi-Section Wood Planters have a Lifetime Structural Warranty and are a lightweight self-contained engineered system comprised of a wood planter box, structural aluminum frame, and waterproof planter liner with advanced drainage. They can hides drip irrigation and electrical systems for lighting if required.

Follow this link to review the comparative attributes of the various planter types to consider when choosing a garden planter, including wood, fiberglass, concrete, metal, ceramic and plastic: https://planterblog.com

DeepStream’s Large square Commercial Planters made with recycled plastic lumber are strong enough to hold trees thanks to their hidden structural aluminum frames and plastic planter liners.

Functional considerations for choosing a garden planter and plants, to name but a few, include:

  • What are the dimensions of the space you have for planter placement?
  • Do you need long planter runs or individual planters?
  • Will the planters be placed on the ground, or on a building level that has weight restrictions?
  • Will they be placed on a hard or soft surface?
  • Will they be in a sheltered or windy location? Stability is a function of form.
  • Will you be planting annuals or perennials? This will affect your choice of planting medium.
  • What is the planting volume (liner size) required for the plants to thrive?
  • How will you water your plants, by hand or drip irrigation?
  • Drainage: what happens when they drain or overflow? If they are used outdoors, the size quantity and placement of drainage holes depend on heaviest rainfall amounts in your area. Indoors or on a balcony your planters may require plugs in liner drains, “directed” drainage, or drip trays.
  • Will the planters be located where they are easy to install and maintain, or will you be moving everything through lobbies and elevators where permission will be required and other residents inconvenienced by your installation and repeat installations should your planters need to be replaced in a few years?
  • Will you want to add accessories like a trellis, windbreak, or casters?
  • Are sustainability, replacement parts, and a Warranty important to you?
  • Delivery time
Large Rectangular Wood Planter

For assistance in choosing a garden planter, or answering these and any other questions you might have, feel free to call Sheila at DeepStream, 305 857 0466 and we will walk you through our 32 point check list designed to save you time and money or go to www.DeepStreamDesign.com

A rugged waterproof planter liner with properly designed tapered sides and a threaded drain hole for directed drainage attachments or a plug. When used indoors or on a balcony the liner sits inside a drip tray that will be hidden by the outer box. The drip tray is proportioned to catch overflow and evaporate it rather than stain decks or floors.

Which ever planter you decide to go with take these considerations into account as they will greatly affect the success of your garden and gardening experience. More detailed information on the key aspect of successful container landscaping can be found on these additional subject pages:

Irrigation for container gardens

Planter Drainage

“Dirt” vs Planting Mix

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Restaurant planter windbreaks

Restaurant planter windbreaks create an inviting atmosphere for customers at your sidewalk cafe or restaurant patio.

DeepStream makes many high quality fixtures to complement restaurant planters with windbreaks. These include trash and recycling bins, valet stands, point-of sale enclosures, waiter and bussing stations are also available.

DeepStream Commercial restaurant planter with glass screen wall windbreaks create a fine dining experience adding social distancing space together on a civic plaza

DeepStream Designs’ American craftsmen hand build your custom restaurant planters with glass windbreaks and restaurant fixtures to meet your specific needs.  Custom restaurant fixtures, not custom prices, there is never a design fee or upcharge.

Whether you are creating a sidewalk cafe on a busy street, or quiet courtyard space, DeepStream knows it is critical that your potential customer receive an inviting visual message from the space created by our Restaurant Planters.  The hand crafted quality of these planters outside your business display your commitment to a quality dining experience in store for them inside or out.

Movable Commercial Wooden Ipe restaurant planters with glass screen wall windbreak

Planters overflowing with flowering plants, not only welcome your existing customers, they offer a compelling invitation to new customer.  Restaurant  planters with windbreaks not only extend your outdoor seating seasons they also reduce street noise in urban settings.

Engineered using the principle of sustainable design DeepStreams’ restaurant fixtures stand the test of time and are backed with a Lifetime Structural Warranty. All parts are replaceable so should something be damaged you can replace the part at manufactures direct cost through DeepStreams’ unique Core Replacement Program.

DeepStream’s Commercial Wood Restaurant Planter anchor glass screen wall to creates a windbreak, attract customers, controls access, while providing additional social distancing space together, quieting noise and extending the outdoor season.

There are many options availble to meet your needs. One popular option is recycled plastic lumber which requires no maintenance. Another option, casters, allow even large fixtures to be repositioned to serve customers or create attractive access control points and intimate spaces for wedding and other special events.  Lightweight gates are available to meet Life Safety requirements.

Custom Restaurant Fixtures exterior grade cabinetry with drawers and shelves, and large planters on casters create an upscale outdoor dining experiences even in a parking lot.
Custom Restaurant Fixtures, exterior grade cabinetry with drawers, along with a combination trash and recycling receptacle, set the tone for this high end restaurant’s outdoor dining space.
DeepStream movable commercial planter walls create a upscale outdoor tropical restaurant and DeepStream’s custom recycling and trash receptacle

Weatherproof outdoor restaurant fixtures can help set the overall quality presentation of your outdoor dining experience to match your dedication to your food and interior ambiance.

Food Service Carts, Garden Planters, Trash and Recycling Bins for Restaurants

For more information about why DeepStreams’ quality product and why they will last for decades instead of falling apart in a couple of years like carpenter built wood planters click here.

DeepStream’s Commercial Planter anchored Aluminum Screen Wall Enclosure adds an instant smoking section for this restaurant.

For more information on custom restaurant planters and fixtures without custom design fees Click Here.

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Spring Conditioning Planter Liners

DeepStream Design’s rugged plastic planter liners make spring conditioning easy.

Perennial plants grown in planter liners have special needs.  With spring here in Miami, I’ve noticed that it’s well past time to repot some of my smaller ornamental plants.  Others plants like Clusia have very aggressive roots and liners need to be removed and roots trimmed every year.

Tools Needed:

You need to remove plants from their planter liners periodically to alleviate their root bound condition. This give you the opportunity to add fresh potting medium. You will also check that the liner is draining efficiently.  DeepStream Designs rugged plastic liner is flared making this a easy with just a few tools: A long serrated knife, perhaps scissors, a tarp, a broom, and dust pan. Cut off the bottom third of the root system, then break up the root ball as much as possible.

Container Gardening Root Bound

Drainage:

I’m using rubber mulch this year in my drainage plan for ornamentals, but not in my herb or citrus garden planters. because it is lighter than pebbles or gravel used in traditional drainage plans. This makes it ideal to reduce the load on your balcony or rooftop if you don’t need the weight of gravel to keep your pots from tipping in high winds.

I use rubber mulch to fill the bottom of my pots and liners up to the level above the top of my drain, about 3”-4”, after I put in DeepStream’s drain pads (drain board, Bio-Barrier to prevent root blockage, and geo-fabric sandwich) in place over the drain hole and cover that with 4” of Paver Base (very coarse 2mm sand) or even rubber mulch in a pinch as I did this year.

Planting Medium

Your potting medium will depend on your climate and your plants, as well as the type of drainage and watering system you’re using.  We use drip irrigation and mist sprayers on timers. In Miami where we can get 6″ of rain in 6 hours I use a fast-draining medium to which I add perlite and paver base to further increase drainage rates.  You tailor your soil in dry climates by adding vermiculite to retain moisture .

Container gardening requires a few simple repotting supplies. Don’t forget a tarp, broom, and dust pan.

Watering:

I installed micro valves on every planter liner so that I can adjust the rate of watering for each planter liner.  Reduce the flow to the point that water does not seep out the drain except when it rains.

Click on the picture to go to DripWorks website to order all the parts you need to install drip irrigation. It’s a very informative and complete website, cost competitive, and their system are plug and play easy to install.

Automatic Drip Irrigation Manifold with Rain Sensor and 4 active zones.

Repotting large plants:

With the Clusia the the steps are almost identical.

Lay the planter over on a padded surface and slide the liner out.
Remove roots growing over the sides of the planter liner if the liner won’t slide out.

The planter, planter liner, and planter drainage design all play an important role in planting maintenance and root trimming.

A bulging planter liner indicates it’s time for root pruning, it’s roots like these Calusia that have torn apart large pre-columbian temples in Central and South America.

Removed the plant from the liner to trim the the larger roots easily,  The tapered shape of DeepStream liners makes it easy to simply slide the root ball from the liner to trim and replant.

Paver Base, rubber mulch, or similar mediums slow water flow, improving planter drainage by allowing “fines” that can clog the drain to settled below the side drain.

Before repotting add a DeepStream’s 3 part-part planter drain pad with Bio-Barrier over the drain holes to aid in root blocking and to retain the planting medium and slow the flow of the water towards of the drain.

DeepStream Designs creates an advanced 3-layer drain pad out of drain board, filter fabric, and Biobarrier for you so all you have to do to maximize drainage is to place the pad over the DeepStream linner sidewall drain port and hold in place with the appropriate material to slow the flow of water to the drain.

Hold the drain pad in place over the hole, fabric side against the hole, with paver base or similar coarse medium, never sand, with out any clay in it. You can even use rubber mulch in a pinch.

Planter Liner after root trimmed

With all the roots trimmed for the year your plant and planter liner shape should be restored for another year.

Selecting tapered planter liners with the drainage features your project requires will save you time, money, and effort. Read more specifics about Selecting-planter-liners and here is a video link showing how quick easy it can be to replant.

Happy gardening! Tom

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Container Garden Fenway Park’s Home Run

Boston’s Green City Growers working with the Boston Red Sox and Fenway Park brought Fenway Farms container garden to Red Sox Nation and give back to the Community.

A container garden, installed and launched for opening day of the 2015 season, Fenway Farms’ 5,000 square foot roof deck over the Front Office provides fresh, organically grown vegetables and fruit to Red Sox fans dining at Fenway Park’s EMC Club restaurant.

Not just for show, a meaningful 5,900 pounds of fresh produce – everything from kale to broccoli to hot peppers – are harvested from the container garden each growing season at innovative Fenway Farms to give back to the community!

Fenway Stadium Container Garden

Green City Growers partnered with Recover Green Roofs, to bring farming to the roof of Fenway Park.  Recover Green Roofs is the Somerville-based green roofing company that installed Fenway Farms. Recover Green Roofs was responsible for getting the soil on the roof, while Green City Growers is responsible for the farming operation.  Donations to the community are handled by Lovin’ Spoonfuls.

Around the corner on the Strega Deck, more produce is grown in an upscale event space behind the private corporate suites. DeepStream Designs, founded to provide an alternative to the wasteful use of tropical hardwood lumber, was selected to provide the light-weight, cost saving multi-section aluminum planter frame system fitted with recycled HDPE lumber planks, recycled from milk bottles.

Because Recycled Plastic Lumber Planters are the perfect environmental choice saving maintenance costs as well as the environment their sales have overtaken those of natural tropical hardwood.  Environmental Stewardship is at the heart of many green roof projects.

large recycled plastic lumber planters growing produce on Fenway Stadium Strega Deck

These attractive container garden planters have an internal plastic liner and hide drip irrigation lines, and their aluminum structural design ensures the planters will last for decades.  The liner-within-the planter design also provides a thermal break so that the root systems never overheat from solar gain.

large rectangular planters growing produce on Fenway Stadium Strega deck
large rectangular planters growing produce on Fenway Stadium Strega deck

The Strega Deck opened in 2016. It is a Fenway Farms-inspired event venue that is rented out as part of ticket packages and for special events. The produce grown on the Strega Deck in container gardens is donated to the community by Green City Growers’ food rescue partner, Lovin’ Spoonfuls.

Fenway Park Garden in Deepstream rectangular recycled plastic lumber planters

DeepStream Designs is a Miami-based design and manufacturing company using American craftsmen to build these durable planters for container gardens, as well as recycling and trash bins, and a host of custom products, all of which feature a Lifetime Structural Warranty.

DeepStream’s modular planter design is a result of DeepStream’s commitment to Environmental Stewardship which uses the principles of Sustainable Design.  This approach ensures the lowest total impact on the environment over time as well as the lowest total cost of ownership while making it easy to install, correct mistakes, and adapt to changing needs.

Growing vegetables in DeepStream planters at Fenway park Strega Deck

DeepStream has partnered with Trees for the Future to plant 50 trees for every planter sold and 100 trees for every bin. DeepStream has now planted more than 375,000 trees through this extremely efficient non-profit.  For more information check out Trees.org.

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Planting Mix vs Dirt

DeepStream Designs knows from projects with Landscape Architects across the country how important using the appropriate planting mix is when growing perennials, trees, and bushes.

DeepStream large commercial planters with screen wall and the fight soil mixture grow colorful flowers on this urban roof deck oasis

Replanting these heavy items with complex root systems will be problematic.  Getting it right the first time is well worth the effort.

Often clients use their “Landscaping Contractor” for this work. This may be a good solution if the contractor has extensive experience with container gardening and knows the value of selecting the correct planting mix. Otherwise it could be a mistake.

DeepStream rugged waterproof recycled LLDPE food safe plastic liners with advanced drainage and easy to replant tapered design.

Why?  Many Landscapers are not familiar with using a planting mix as they are usually planting in the earth. By using “dirt” or “soil” it may make the planter too heavy for the load on a roof or balcony.

Dirt, or an improper planter mix, will prevent drainage if it contain clay fines that can block drains, may hold too little or too much moisture. Additionally, dirt might not contain the correct PH and initial nutrients for the plants that you’re going to use.

There is no universally correct planting mix, as area microclimates must be taken into consideration.  Selecting a planter mix requires an intimate local knowledge of the complex relationship between all the competing factors for beneficial plant growth and maintenance.  Therefore, it is essential to ensure that you have a reliable source for your planting mix.

DeepStream’s tapered liner with advanced drainage and the components of the 3-part drain pad with Bio-Barrier to prevent root blockage

We have posted a blog on the long-term cost benefits of using a Landscape Architect for even small commercial projects but you still need to ensure they have container gardening experience.  Another reliable source may be the nursery where you are sourcing the plants.

Whatever you do, don’t assume that your Landscaper or other source has the knowledge necessary to provide the planting mix.  Before starting, ask about their experience with container gardening and what mix they propose to use.  Vague or generic answers should be your clue that you need to investigate further before proceeding.

Paver Base or similar mediums slow water flow improving planter drainage

By all means, make certain that whoever does the planting follows DeepStream’s instructions regarding planter drainage using drain pads and filter material.  Many “old timers” fall back on gravel and holes in the bottom which will soon clog.

A large installation of Custom Welded Waterproof Planter Liners on a roof top are compartmentalized to isolate drainage problems. Drip irrigation lines are inserted through the top of liner walls below soil level. Quick draining planting medium and drain p[ads are essential ingredients to the long term success of this extensive project.

Remember that most of DeepStream’s stock planter liners come with just one threaded drain hole. This is only the minimum, since some installations are inside and require the hole to be plugged or drain pipes attached.   One hole means one point of failure with no backup.

DeepStream will drill additional drain holes required by your installation at no charge.  Tell us where you want additional drains installed, and we will do it before shipping.  You may also add them in the field with a hole saw.  Deepstream can supply screw together flange fitting to add straight or 90 degree hose barbs to new holes you add.

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Garden Planters for Privacy

Garden planters for privacy on rooftops and balconies can also hide unsightly objects and provide a windbreak.

DeepStream, your planter expert, sells Garden Planters for Privacy factory direct and back them with a Lifetime-Structural-Warranty.  DeepStream’s planters use trademark proprietary marine anodized aluminum extrusions that accept wood planks, aluminum slats, plastic panel, or even glass for screen walls that set up quickly.

DeepStream’s trademark marine anodized aluminum frame integrates differential height legs to create this commercial wood planter-anchored privacy screen wall.

Using DeepStream’s large wood garden planter for privacy screen, and matching wood trash bins, these owners have made a cozy Manhattan rooftop patio that will endure for decades.

Using DeepStream’s multi-section wood garden planters for privacy, and matching wood trash bins, these owners have made a cozy Manhattan rooftop patio that will endure for decades.

DeepStream Mariner planters are a 3-part engineered system for maximum longevity and landscaping health. Trademark marine anodized aluminum extrusions provide the structure for a hidden aircraft aluminum frame that contains the tremendous forces of the wood as it goes through an endless cycles of wetting and drying, expanding and contracting, that tears apart carpenter built wood planters.

The wood, or recycled plastic lumber, planter boxes protect the roots in the liners from over heating due to solar gain as can happen in single wall fiberglass, metal, or plastic planters and pots.

The rugged waterproof plastic liner with advanced drainage protects the wood planter box from the soil and the plants from drowning.  Drip irrigation lines can be hidden between the liner and the planter box.

Long runs of planter anchored screen wall are easy and cost effective to erect even on urban rooftops.  Modular design allows each section to be set up in 10-15 minutes, all you need is a Phillips screwdriver and a 7/16″ wrench.  All parts are replaceable at direct factory cost should a part ever be damage.

Large Garden Planters with rugged waterproof plastic liner

Because the planters are pre-assembled using an inner frame and legs of marine anodized aluminum there is no messy installation as with carpenter built wood planters and less materials have to be moved to your roof or balcony.

The modular design also mean that you can use the elevator or even stairs to move your planters to the roof, not cranes.

Using DeepStream’s large wood garden planters with privacy screen, and matching wood trash bins, these owners have made a cozy Manhattan rooftop patio that will endure for decades.

Condo owners with a balcony can also use planters for privacy by anchoring a full screen wall.

DeepStream planters anchor a 3form screen wall for privacy on balcony

Planters with an integral glass windbreak can be used to reduce street noise and create an inviting space for dining and drinking, extending the outdoor season and drawing in customers. 

Large Wood Planter with glass windbreak

For more information go to DeepStream Design’s solutions website at www.DeepStreamDesign.com or call Sheila at (305) 857-0466.

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Fiberglass Planters

Fiberglass Planters offer a variety of designs and are a cost-effective medium-term solution available in a large variety of shapes, sizes, and colors.

Landscape Architect-quality Fiberglass planters distributed by DeepStream

If you need a rugged planter to which you can attach accessories, then DeepStream’s own wood and recycled plastic lumber planters, created using the principles of sustainable design, may be a better solution than fiberglass planters.

More durable than other planters, but more limited in form, DeepStream’s commercial wood and aluminum planters deliver excellent value for money. With a Lifetime Structural Warranty, they reduce the overall effort and time that goes into bringing vibrant gardens to barren urban spaces in need of their beneficial cooling and air quality enhancing properties.  

Landscape Architect-quality Fiberglass planters distributed by DeepStream

However, if you need more options in terms of form and style, three of the best alternatives to wooden garden planters are Fiberglass-reinforced Plastic (FRP), Glass-fiber-reinforced Concrete (GFRC), and Aluminum. It is important to understand that products manufactured with these materials run the scale from virtually worthless to the quality that Landscape Architects specify for signature projects.  

Round Village GFRC Planters, shown in Aged Bronze, are also available in square shapes.

There are a lot of considerations that go into choosing the right planter for a particular location including: form, root ball heating, and drainage, as well as the inherent limitations of materials and construction methods.  You will find a detailed discussion of the issues with a lot of supporting pictures in my earlier blog entry, Planter Selection, so I’ll not repeat them here.  

Fiberglass is an excellent lightweight material with which to create interesting modern planter forms and surfaces such as an outer gelcoat infused with metal, which oxidizes over time, a favorite of mine for its understated elegance.  You will find a myriad of forms and sizes available on the DeepStream website, and while there are four metal finishes, my favorites are the copper and bronze.

Landscape Architect-quality FRP garden planters distributed by DeepStream

Tournesol planters distributed by DeepStream are made with expensive polyester-based fiberglass strands as used in yacht construction, but it is chopped and sprayed, not laid up in biaxial mats, where the hull has constant exposure to water. This Fiberglass-reinforced Plastic (FRP) is sprayed into molds that have been prepared with gel-coat.

Landscape Architect-quality fiberglass garden planter distributed by DeepStream

FRP is a lightweight, strong material made up of layers of polyester resin alternated with glass strand. The strength and durability of fiberglass depend upon the number of layers of resin and glass. To ensure the longevity of the planters, they are waterproofed with an additional layer of black gelcoat resin inside.

The large rectangular commercial-grade movable Fiberglass Planters in the photos below were supplied by DeepStream to the restaurant operator at New York’s Rockefeller Center.  The planters rest on caster bases so that they may be rearranged to meet the operators changing needs. At summer’s end, they are simply rolled away to storage to reopen the famous ice skating rink during the winter season. 

Rockefeller Center: large movable fiberglass planters on casters provided by DeepStream Designs
Rockefeller Center: large movable fiberglass planters on casters provided by DeepStream Designs
Rockefeller Center: large movable fiberglass planters on casters provided by DeepStream Designs
Rockefeller Center: large movable fiberglass planters on casters provided by DeepStream Design
For more information about Landscape Architect-grade planters, click here
Rockefeller Center: large movable fiberglass planters on casters provided by DeepStream Designs

Issues with Fiberglass Planters

Fiberglass planters are lightweight and strong for their weight and thickness, but they are rigid and brittle. While the fiberglass planters we sell have a 3-year warranty, a 1-year warranty is more common.

Although the planters shown in the pictures below ARE NOT the fiberglass planters we sell, you need to be aware that all fiberglass planters are brittle, unlike wood or aluminum. Looking closely, you can see the vertical cracks that are developing over the edge in the center of this planter’s stiffening flange as the roots push out. Once the flange goes it leads to a catastrophic splitting failure, as the flange is responsible for structural strength.

Fiberglass planters are brittle. Without looking closely, you can’t see the vertical cracks that are developing that will lead to total planter failure in just a short time.
Fiberglass planters are brittle. Corners and the middle section are the first to go. The top flange is what stiffens the planter walls, and once they crack, it leads to catastrophic failure. This is why even the best fiberglass planters have just a 3-year warranty.

When roots push out against the side walls, first the flange cracks, then the long side panels spit vertically. While it is possible to prevent this in construction, it is costly. Currently most of these “me too” planter manufacturers are competing on price, with Indian and Chinese imports skimping on materials. 

Fiberglass planters are brittle. Looking closely, you can see the vertical cracks that are developing over the edge as the roots push out which will lead to a catastrophic failure. This is why even the best fiberglass planters have just a 3-year warranty.

Most fiberglass planters are light at the expense of strength and may not be durable enough for certain location.  This is why even the best manufacturers provide just a 3-year warranty.

In addition, fiberglass planters are almost all single-walled and prone to solar gain. White or light-colored finishes would be better in sunny locations.  They do not have drainage control, nor do they hide drip irrigation lines. 

The large expensive planters shown below are installed in Miami’s downtown area and, while shaded by buildings, they are not really rugged enough for the streetscapes in which they are installed, nor do they have much surface area.  Believe it or not, these planters are just 1/8″ thick painted skins of chopped fiberglass sprayed into a mold.

Fiberglass planters are thin, lightweight and strong, but are brittle and prone to damage
This one passes the 6-foot test, but look closely. While these planters are lightweight at the expense of strength, they may not be durable enough for certain locations. Currently most of these “me too” planter manufacturers are competing on price, with Indian and Chinese imports skimping on materials.
Light and relatively inexpensive planters are brittle and easily damaged, and can be split by roots, even when not damaged like the planter above.

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Sustainable Garden Planter Design: Adaptability

A key component of sustainable garden planter design is adaptability: good design allows for the replacement, or reworking, of components to preserve the value and materials of an earlier design when a situation requires it.  Even if that situation arises early in the life cycle of a design.

Nowhere is the need for the design adaptability aspect of sustainable garden planter design more apparent than when an error has been made on large complex projects. Simple miscalculation between initial measurements and “as-built” dimension means that components ordered months earlier in a project do not fit when finally installed.

You can see in the example of sustainable garden planter design adaptability below, exactly how DeepStream’s modular planter design allowed us to cut down the lengths of planks in the middle section of a multi-section planter to accommodate an unrecorded change in dimensions at very little cost in dollars, labor, or materials.

While the wood will take a week or so to fade to the match the color or the original wood, the same design feature allows for replacement of parts, or further adaptation, for the decades long life of the planter.

Ooops! Sustainable Garden Planter Design allows for low cost corrections

Was it an error on the plans or an installation variance?  It won’t matter who was to blame when the adaptability of DeepStreams sustainable garden planter design makes it quick and easy to make even major changes.  DeepStream is American craftsmen hand building custom planters that reduce your stress and allow for a successful project to come in on budget and on time.

Sustainable Garden Planter Design                                         modular rectangular wood planters joined by a new infill section

As an experienced condo developer and GC, we designed our products to make it easy for you to specify our sustainable garden planter designs.  Just call Sheila at (305) 857-0466 and enjoy a successful stress free out of your garden planter, screen wall, or custom fixtures.  As the hands-on president of Deepstream, with thousands of product installations, Sheila and her team are a vast wealth of current industry knowledge and resources.

Sustainable Garden Planter Design: rugged waterproof liner inside wooden planter box contained by trademark aluminum legs

All of DeepStream’s sustainable garden planter designs use a rugged waterproof plastic liner inside of the planter box, resting on marine anodized aluminum frames and legs, to ensure that planters last for decades.  There is no paint or powder coating to fail.

Unlike carpenter built planters DeepStream planters  carry a Lifetime Structural Warranty and all parts are replaceable and available at factory cost under DeepStream’s unique “Core Replacement Program”.

This type of liner inside of a wooden planter box, sustainable garden planter design also prevents solar gain from overheating the planter root ball which affects any single wall planter or pot. This design also creates a space to run drip irrigation lines and directed drainage.

measuring solar gain on the exterior of a planter

To find out more about how the principal of Sustainable Garden Planter Design can work to make your project stress-free and successful go to www.DeepStreamDesign.com

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Selecting Planter Liners

Selecting planter liners with the features your project requires will save you time, money, and effort.

DeepStream’s rugged waterproof recycled LLDPE food safe plastic liners tapered design, with advanced drainage, makes them easy plant and economical to ship.

Major considerations when selecting planter liners are the shape of the planter, the material the liner is constructed with, the location of drain(s), and size relative to your landscaping requirements.

  1.  Selecting planter liners with a shape tapering to a smaller base makes for repotting slip-out easy and if they stack then you save money shipping.
  2.  Rugged commercial grade 3/16″ walls from UV-stable, 100% pre-consumer recycled low-density polyethylene, or polypropylene are both flexible and food-safe, they will last decades in the sun and unburden landfills as they are recyclable materials.
  3.  Side wall, not bottom drain, aids drainage. Is the drain threaded for proper drainage systems accessories if required by your locations.
  4.  There is a water reservoir below the drain for the tap root while providing a place for “fines” or clay to settle to prevent drain blockage.
  5. Liner depth is determined by the requirement of the plants you have selected.
DeepStream’s tapered liner with advanced drainage and the components of the 3-part drain pad with Bio-Barrier to prevent root blockage

Another important consideration after selecting planter liners is starting with the right soil mixture for your plants and techniques to prevent drain blockage by “fines” and roots.

  1. You want your container to drain well while retaining moisture but not hold water. Do not use “dirt” or any material with clay which will block drains.  Perlite is a good light weight additive if your trying to improve quick drainage, Vermiculite if your trying to retain moisture. Very course sand, like commercially available “paver base” if you need weight to prevent toppling in high winds but not fine “beach” or “mortar” sand as they will immediately block your drains.  Remember many plants have specific soil PH needs.
  2. Geo-textile fabric and drain board to provide filtration and space over drain.
  3.  BioBarrier (TM) with a plastic-embedded non-systemic herbicide, with a lower toxicity than table salt or aspirin, that creates a 2″ thick root deflection zone around the drainage material by preventing root cell tip division. The product, guaranteed effective for 15 years, has been used as a weed control system for more than 35 years in agriculture to prevent weed growth between row crops.  Drainage pads are placed over the drain hole.
  4.  To prevent clogging you need to slow the water so that the fines in the planting medium settle to the bottom and not onto the filter medium. When selecting planter liners pick one with sidewall drainage, not on the bottom. This is an integral part of the drainage system as it allows the “fines” to settle to the bottom below the sidewall drain. Traditional pea gravel is too large and the water will flow rapidly to the drain and clog it with fines.  Fine sand will flow too slow and form an impenetrable layer clogging with fines.

It is best to use a 2 to 4 inch thick covering of very clean, very coarse sand of between 1 and 2 mm particle size mounded over the drain filter.   For reference, the wire of a medium paper clip is 1 mm. We have had good results here in Florida with “rubber mulch”, but then we can get 6″ of rain in one day.

Paver Base or similar mediums slow water flow improving planter drainage

“Paver Base” is an acceptable readily available alternative from most large home improvement stores and will work in our planter liners with a side drain as the well below it provides a place for fines to settle.  Rubber mulch may also work for you.

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GFRC Concrete Planters

GFRC Concrete Planters,  fiberglass reinforced concrete, are a durable solution for streetscapes where additional weight is required.

GFRC Concrete Planters, at six to seven times heavier than fiberglass planters, are still much lighter than concrete planters with problematic steel rebar reinforcement and a lot more durable.

Wishire Round Commercial GFRC Concrete Planters

GFRC Concrete Planters are created by adding long-strand glass fibers and woven mat to concrete. This strengthens the material, decreasing the required thickness. Fiberglass decreases the thickness by 60% (from typically 3” in cast concrete to 1” in GFRC Concrete) directly reducing the weight by the same amount.  

DeepStream Wilshire Square GFRC Concrete Planter

More importantly the fiberglass eliminates the steel rebar that eventually rusts and breaks the planter apart from inside through a process called spalling as the rusting metal expands as you can see by following this link: Planter Selection

Fiberglass and GFRC Downtown Concrete Planters

There are two primary reason to choose GFRC Concrete planters.  First, they are very strong, heavy, and rigid.  Second, they offer the aesthetic choice of the two different finishes – travertine and acid etched.  The travertine finish has a rustic, puckered appearance.  The acid etch has a consistent, fine sand texture.  All colors are integral to the material and will effectively hide chipping and scratching.

DeepStream Downtown Commercial Fiberglass and GFRC Concrete Planters

As a high volume national distributor of Tournesol Siteworks products for the past 15 years DeepStream has had a very good experience with their entire modern GFRC Concrete Planter line. Tournesol has an extensive product line of commercial grade planters that Landscape Architects and landscapers have used for 30+ years. They back their GFRC Concrete Planters with a 3-year warranty.

DeepStream Design’s Downtown GFRC Concrete Planters

As a high volume national distributor of Tournesol Siteworks products for the past 15 years DeepStream has had a very good experience with their entire modern GFRC Concrete Planter line. Tournesol has an extensive product line of commercial grade planters that Landscape Architects and landscapers have used for 30+ years. They back their GFRC Concrete Planters with a 3-year warranty.

Click on the the pictures or the link below to see more information on GFRC Concrete Planters and place orders.  DeepStream Designs.

DeepStream Metro GFRC Concrete Planter in oxide color
DeepStream Zena Saucer Commercial Fiberglass and GFRC Concrete Planter
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Custom Restaurant Patio and Sidewalk Café Planters and Fixtures

Custom restaurant patio and sidewalk café planters and fixture are an operating and marketing strategy that builds your brand while cooling the earth.

It is critical that with a quick glance by your potential customers, they receive a marketing message consistent with your commitment to a quality experience in dining and ambiance. The exterior of your restaurant and the visible restaurant patio and sidewalk café fixtures gives that first impression.

Large Rectangular Wood Sidewalk Cafe Planter

DeepStream designs and manufactures top quality custom planters, bins, waiters stations, and valet parking stands that are perfect to meet the needs of restaurants in delineating an exterior space to the same exacting standard as the interior of your establishment.

Our Custom Restaurant Patio and Sidewalk Cafe Planters and Fixtures are engineered custom planters, are designed and constructed using the principles of  Sustainable Design, backed by a Lifetime Structural Warranty along with a unique Core Replacement Program, will help you maintain our products for decades.  

This is especially important for businesses  in an urban environment where you cannot afford the time, money, disruption, mess, damage, and inconvenience required to replace carpenter-built wood planters again and again as they tear themselves apart in just a few years. 

Click here to see the reasons why DeepStream designs and builds it’s wood planters using it’s proprietary marine anodized aluminum leg extrusions to give you the lowest cost of ownership over time while minimizing environmental impact.  

sidewalk cafe fixture Large Rectangular Wood Planters with glass windbreaks provide comfortable year-round seating at this busy commuter rail station Wine Bar-Bistro

Custom Wood Garden Planters are available as both stand-alone planters and money-saving multi-section planters in natural 3/4″ thick tongue-and groove solid tropical wood and recycled plastic lumber, with and without DeepStream’s exclusive Zephyr aluminum bands between the planks. DeepStream’s proprietary aluminum leg extrusion allows the addition of trellises, glass windbreaks and other forms of screening.

Large Rectangular Wood restaurant patio planters with glass windbreak
Deepstream’s Trademark Mariner wood planter leg
Large Wood Planter glass windbreak
Large Wood Planter glass windbreak

When space is at a premium, DeepStream’s Custom Restaurant Patio and Sidewalk Café Planters and Fixtures tailor planters to your need and are available as narrow as 12″ and 18″ wide with a separate plastic liner insert with state-of-the-art drainage inside an outer box façade to ensure maximum durability as the planting medium never touches the wood and the harshest sun does not bake the root ball which causes unsightly plantings.

Narrow Sidewalk Café planter liner
DeepStream rugged waterproof recycled LLDPE food safe plastic liners with advanced drainage and easy to replant tapered design.

DeepStream can supply a large range of plastic planter liner sizes

Large Square Wood Planter with Plastic Liner for Trees

DeepStream’s custom wood planters are an investment in the appearance of your property, and also in sustainable design, so we sell our wood planters direct to customers, eliminating the distributor markup.  This allows us to use the best materials and American craftsmanship which, combined with our plastic liner-inside-a-planter-box design, means that our planters will last for generations, providing the lowest cost of ownership over time while lowering the impact on the earth’s resources.  Every planter sold by DeepStream generates 50 trees planted in return by the non-profit Trees For the Future.

Long, lightweight, wood multi-section planters are ideal for roof decks
Large Rectangular Wood Planter